Regulation of Genome Editing in Plant Biotechnology: Argentina

  • Agustina I. Whelan
  • Martin A. LemaEmail author


Argentina is a world leader in regards to regulation and adoption of GM crops. As a consequence, the regulatory aspects of gene editing applied to agriculture were considered proactively, and a simple but sound pioneer regulation was developed.

At present, the Argentine regulatory system is fully able to establish if a gene-edited crop should be classified (and handled) either as a GM crop or a conventional new variety. To this end, the concept of “novel combination of genetic material” derived from the Cartagena Protocol is of paramount importance.

After some pilot cases that have been handled under the new regulation, applicants appreciate the ease, speed and predictability of this regulation. Moreover, it has been considered by other countries in developing their own regulations, thus acting also as a harmonization factor for the safe and effective insertion of these technologies in the global market.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ministry of AgroIndustryBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.University of Buenos Aires, Politics and Management of Science and TechnologyBuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.National University of QuilmesBernalArgentina

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