Nanotechnology Advances for the Development of Various Drug Carriers
Surface functionalization with some exciting materials using nanotechnology approach offers unprecedented advantages as a drug carrier for drug delivery applications. The surface-modified or functionalized hybrid materials provide excellent properties such as enhanced drug loading capacity, efficiency, significant drug release profiles, improved targeted drug delivery, cellular uptake, and cytotoxicity. Currently available materials comprising carbon materials, graphene oxides (GO), various metal organic frameworks (MOFs), and importantly naturally available diatoms offer better properties as a drug carrier in drug delivery applications. However, in order to make these materials superior, the surface modification plays a critical role. In this chapter, we have compiled recent developments mainly focusing on the surface functionalization for the drug delivery applications.
KeywordsDrug carriers Graphene oxides Metal organic frameworks Diatoms Surface functionalization
The authors acknowledge the financial support from DST Nanomission, India (SR/NM/NS-20/2014); DST, India (DST-TM-WTI-2K14-213); and SERB-DST, India (YSS/2015/000013) for financial support. They also thank Jain University, India, for providing facilities.
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