Advertisement

Green Synthesis Approaches of Nanoagroparticles

  • Lilian Rodrigues Rosa Souza
  • Argus Cezar da Rocha Neto
  • César Rodrigues da Silva
  • Leonardo Pereira Franchi
  • Tiago Alves Jorge de Souza
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

The systematic use of agrochemicals has generated numerous damages to biodiversity, resulting in the death of insect pollinators and intoxication of domestic animals and human populations. In this context, ecologically friendly nanocomposites appear as a promising alternative to circumvent this scenario, maintaining agricultural production and eliminating pests. Due to their size, nanoagroparticles have unique properties that are more effective than their major counterparts in combating pests and disease vectors. Moreover, these nanoparticles (NPs) can be used as carriers of herbicides already used in agriculture, such as atrazine, and also as biosensors to detect the presence of compounds and organisms (e.g., pesticides, toxins, pathogens) that can affect the quality and the productivity of agricultural crops. However, in order to ensure the efficiency and the absence of environmental impact of these compounds, special attention should be paid to nanoformulation, synthesis methods, and the degradation and sorption processes, allowing the production of NPs with the desired shape, size, stability, and action mechanism. Unfortunately, conventional methods use toxic compounds during synthesis, which pose a risk to the environment and human health. This scenario has generated concern on the part of the scientific community, which is represented by the growing number of scientific articles addressing aspects related with nanoagroparticle ecological friendly synthesis approaches, also known as green synthesis methods. These methodologies use organisms such as microbes, plants, and fungi as nanobiofactories, which makes possible the production of nanopesticides and nanoherbicides without the use of toxic compounds. Considering this scenario, this chapter proposes to address the various methods of nanoagroparticle green synthesis, emphasizing the advances obtained in last years and the future perspectives regarding the use of these NPs in agriculture.

Keywords

Nanopesticides Nanoherbicides Nanoagroparticles Fungicides Nanoformulation 

References

  1. Abdulla-Al-Mamun M, Kusumoto Y, Muruganandham M (2009) Simple new synthesis of copper nanoparticles in water/acetonitrile mixed solvent and their characterization. Mater Lett 63:2007–2009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adak T, Kumar J, Shakil NA, Walia S (2012) Development of controlled release formulations of imidacloprid employing novel nano-ranged amphiphilic polymers. J Environ Sci Heal Part B Pestic Food Contam Agric Wastes 47:217–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Agrios GN (2005) Plant pathology. Elsevier, San Diego, p 952Google Scholar
  4. Aguilar-Mendez MA, Martin-Martínez ES, Ortega-Arroyo L, Portillo GC, Sanchez-Espindola E (2011) Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles: effect on phytopathogen Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. J Nanopart Res 13:2525–2532CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Alcantara EN, Wyse DL (1988) Glyphosate as harvest aid for corn (Zea mays). Weed Technol 2:410–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Alghuthaymi MA, Almoammar H, Rai M et al (2015) Myconanoparticles: synthesis and their role in phytopathogens management. Biotechnol Biotechnol Equip 29:221–226PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ali SM, Yousef NMH, Nafady NA (2015) Application of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles for the control of land snail Eobania vermiculata and some plant pathogenic fungi. J Nanomater 2015:1–10Google Scholar
  8. Almenar E, Auras R, Rubino M, Harte B (2007) A new technique to prevent the main post harvest diseases in berries during storage: inclusion complexes β-cyclodextrin-hexanal. Int J Food Microbiol 118:164–172PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Almenar E, Catala R, Hernandez-Muñoz P, Gavara R (2009) Optimization of an active package for wild strawberries based on the release of 2-nonanone. Food Sci Technol 42:587–593Google Scholar
  10. Anand R, Kulothungan S (2014) Silver mediated bacterial nanoparticles as seed dressing against crown rot pathogen of groundnut. Arch Appl Sci Res 6:109–113Google Scholar
  11. Anjali CH, Sudheer KS, Margulis-Goshen K, Magdassi S, Mukherjee A, Chandrasekaran N (2010) Formulation of water-dispersible nanopermethrin for larvicidal applications. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 73:1932–1936PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Aravinthan A, Govarthanan M, Selvam K, Praburaman L, Selvankumar T, Balamurugan R, Kamala-Kannan S, Kim JH (2015) Sunroot mediated synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles and evaluation of its antibacterial and rat splenocyte cytotoxic effects. Int J Nanomedicine 10:1977–1983PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Azania CAM, Azania AAPM, Schiaveto AR, Pizzo IV, Marcari M, Panin IEL, Oliveira C (2010) Eficácia de herbicidas no controle de espécies de corda-de-viola em cana-de-açucar. STAB 29:41–45Google Scholar
  14. Baker S, Rakshith D, Kavitha KS et al (2013) Plants: emerging as nanofactories towards facile route in synthesis of nanoparticles. Bioimpacts 3(3):111–117PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Baker S, Satish S (2015) Biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles by Pseudomonas veronii AS41G inhabiting Annona squamosa. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 150:691–695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Baker S, Volova T, Prudnikova SV et al (2017) Nanoagroparticles emerging trends and future prospect in modern agriculture system. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 53:10–17PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Balaguer MP, Fajardo P, Gartner H et al (2014) Functional properties and antifungal activity of films based on gliadins containing cinnamaldehyde and natamycin. Int J Food Microbiol 173:62–71PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Benelli G, Maggi F, Pavela R et al (2018) Mosquito control with green nanopesticides: towards the One Health approach? A review of non-target effects. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:10184–10206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Bhattacharyya A, Duraisamy P, Govindarajan M et al (2016) Nano-biofungicides: emerging trend in insect pest control. In: Prasad R (ed) Advances and applications through fungal nanobiotechnology. Springer, Cham, pp 307–3019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Bhattacharyya A, Duraisamy P, Govindarajan M, Buhroo AA, Prasad R (2016a) Nano-biofungicides: Emerging trend in insect pest control. In: Prasad R (ed) Advances and applications through fungal nanobiotechnology. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, pp 307–319Google Scholar
  21. Bhattacharyya A, Prasad R, Buhroo AA, Duraisamy P, Yousuf I, Umadevi M, Bindhu MR, Govindarajan M, Khanday AL (2016b) One-pot fabrication and characterization of silver nanoparticles using Solanum lycopersicum: An eco-friendly and potent control tool against Rose Aphid, Macrosiphum rosae. J Nanoscience, Article ID 4679410, 7 pages, 2016.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/4679410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Buhroo AA, Nisa G, Asrafuzzaman S, Prasad R, Rasheed R, Bhattacharyya A (2017) Biogenic silver nanoparticles from Trichodesma indicum aqueous leaf extract against Mythimna separata and evaluation of its larvicidal efficacy. J Plant Protect Res 57(2):194–200, DOI:10.1515/jppr-2017-0026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Bhor G, Maskare S, Hinge S, Singh L, Nalwade A (2014) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles by using leaflet extract of Nephrolepis exaltata L. and evaluation of antibacterial activity against human and plant pathogenic bacteria. Asian J Pharm Technol Innov 02(07):2014Google Scholar
  24. Boro RC, Kaushal J, Nangia Y, Wangoo N, Bhasinc A, Suri CR (2011) Gold nanoparticles catalyzed chemiluminescence immunoassay for detection of herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Analyst 136:2125–2130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Campos EVR, De Oliveira JL, Da Silva CMG et al (2015) Polymeric and solid lipid nanoparticles for sustained release of carbendazim and tebuconazole in agricultural applications. Sci Rep 5:1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Carvalho FP (2006) Agriculture, pesticides, food security and food safety. Environ Sci Pol 9:685–692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Cătălin BP, Gudovan D, Gudovan I (2017) Nanopesticides: a new paradigm in crop protection. In: Grumezescu AM (ed) New pesticides and soil sensors. Elsevier, London, pp 129–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Chaw JL, Basri M, Omar D et al (2012) Green nano-emulsion intervention for water-soluble glyphosate isopropylamine (IPA) formulations in controlling Eleusine indica (E. indica). Pestic Biochem Physiol 102:19–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Chen G, Liu B (2016) Cellulose sulfate based film with slow-release antimicrobial properties prepared by incorporation of mustard essential oil and ß-cyclodextrin. Food Hydrocoll 55:100–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Clemente Z, Grillo R, Jonsson M et al (2014) Ecotoxicological evaluation of poly(ε-caprolactone) nanocapsules containing triazine herbicides. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 14:4911–4917PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. da Rocha Neto AC, Maraschin M, Di Piero RM (2015) Antifungal activity of salicylic acid against Penicillium expansum and its possible mechanisms of action. Int J Food Microbiol 215:64–70PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. da Rocha Neto AC, Luiz C, Maraschin M, Di Piero RM (2016) Efficacy of salicylic acid to reduce Penicillium expansum inoculum and preserve apple fruits. Int J Food Microbiol 221:54–60PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. da Rocha Neto AC, de Oliveira da Rocha AB, Maraschin M et al (2018) Factors affecting the entrapment efficiency of β-cyclodextrins and their effects on the formation of inclusion complexes containing essential oils. Food Hydrocoll 77:509–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Darolt JC, da Rocha Neto AC, Di Piero RM (2016) Effects of the protective, curative, and eradicative applications of chitosan against Penicillium expansum in apples. Braz J Microbiol 47:1014–1019PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Díaz-Blancas V, Medina DI, Padilla-Ortega E et al (2016) Nanoemulsion formulations of fungicide tebuconazole for agricultural applications. Molecules 21:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Dich J, Zahm SH, Hanberg A, Adami HO (1997) Pesticides and cancer. Cancer Causes Control 8:420–443PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Dimetry NZ, Hussein HM (2016) Role of nanotechnology in agriculture with special reference to pest control. Int J PharmTech Res 9:121–144Google Scholar
  38. Dubas ST, Pimpan V (2008) Humic acid assisted synthesis of silver nanoparticles and its application to herbicide detection. Mater Lett 62:2661–2663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Duhan JS, Kumar R, Kumar N et al (2017) Nanotechnology: the new perspective in precision agriculture. Biotechnol Rep 15:11–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Eddleston M, Bateman DN (2012) Pesticides. Medicine (Baltimore) 40:147–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Eddleston M, Karalliedde L, Buckley N et al (2002) Pesticide poisoning in the developing world - a minimum pesticides list. Lancet 360:1163–1167PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. El-Rahman AFA, Mohammad TGM (2013) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticle using Eucalyptus globulus leaf extract and its antibacterial activity. J Appl Sci Res 9(10):6437–6440Google Scholar
  43. Fathi M, Martin A, McClements DJ (2014) Nanoencapsulation of food ingredients using carbohydrate based delivery systems. Trends Food Sci Technol 39:18–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Felipini RB, Boneti JI, Katsurayama Y et al (2016) Apple scab control and activation of plant defence responses using potassium phosphite and chitosan. Eur J Plant Pathol 145:929–939CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2006) International code of conduct on the distribution and use of pesticides. Adopted by the hundred and twenty-third session of the FAO Council in November 2002Google Scholar
  46. Frankova A, Smid J, Bernardos A et al (2016) The antifungal activity of essential oils in combination with warm air flow against postharvest phytopathogenic fungi in apples. Food Control 68:62–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Goswami A, Roy I, Sengupta S, Debnath N (2010) Novel applications of solid and liquid formulations of nanoparticles against insect pests and pathogens. Thin Solid Films 519:1252–1257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Grillo R, Pereira AES, Nishisaka CS, Lima RD, Oehlke K, Greiner R, Leonardo F, Fraceto LF (2014) Chitosan/tripolyphosphate nanoparticles loaded with paraquat herbicide, an environmentally safer alternative for weed control. J Hazard Mater 278:163–171PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  49. Hafez EE, Hassan HS, Elkady M, Salama E (2014) Assessment of antibacterial activity for synthesized zinc oxide nanorods against plant pathogenic strains. Int J Sci Technol Res 3:318–324Google Scholar
  50. Hayles J, Johnson L, Worthley C, Losic D (2017) Nanopesticides: a review of current research and perspectives. In: Grumezescu AM (ed) New pesticides and soil sensors. Elsevier Inc., Amsterdam, pp 193–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Hazrati H, Saharkhiz MJ, Niakousari M, Moein M (2017) Natural herbicide activity of Satureja hortensis L. essential oil nanoemulsion on the seed germination and morphophysiological features of two important weed species. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 142:423–430PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  52. He L, Liu Y, Mustapha A, Lin M (2010) Antifungal activity of zinc oxide nanoparticles against Botrytis cinerea and Penicillium expansum. Microbiol Res 166:207–215PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  53. Hess FD (2000) Light-dependent herbicides: an overview. Weed Sci 48:160–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Hong J, Peralta-Videa JR, Gardea-Torresdey JL (2013) Nanomaterials in agricultural production: benefits and possible threats? In: Shamim N, Sharma VK (eds) Sustainable nanotechnology and the environment: advances and achievements. American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., pp 73–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Iavicoli I, Leso V, Beezhold DH, Shvedova AA (2017) Nanotechnology in agriculture: opportunities, toxicological implications, and occupational risks. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 329:96–111PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Jacques MT, Oliveira JL, Campos EVR et al (2017) Safety assessment of nanopesticides using the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 139:245–253PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  57. Jampílek J, Kráľová K (2017) Nanopesticides: preparation, targeting, and controlled release. In: New pesticides and soil sensors. Elsevier, London, pp 81–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Jeffery EM, Shaw DR, Barrentine WL (1998) Herbicide combinations for preharvest weed desiccation in early maturing soybean (Glycine max). Weed Technol 12:157–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Jia X, Sheng WB, Li W et al (2014) Adhesive polydopamine coated avermectin microcapsules for prolonging foliar pesticide retention. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:19552–19558PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  60. Jo YK, Kim BH, Jung G (2009) Antifungal activity of silver ions and nanoparticles on phytopathogenic fungi. Plant Dis 93:1037–1043PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  61. Joshi A (2014) Utility of Carbon Nanotubes for Enhancement of Crop (Wheat) in Agriculture. Nanoscitech Volume: Tata McGraw Hill, USA :554–555Google Scholar
  62. Joshi A, Kaur S, Dharamvir K et al (2018) Multi-walled carbon nanotubes applied through seed-priming treatment influence multiple mechanisms to stimulate growth and yield of bread wheat. J Sci Food Agric 98:3148–3160PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  63. Kah M, Hofmann T (2014) Nanopesticide research: current trends and future priorities. Environ Int 63:224–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Kah M, Beulke S, Tiede K, Hofmann T (2013) Nanopesticides: state of knowledge, environmental fate, and exposure modeling. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 43:1823–1867CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Kah M, Weniger AK, Hofmann T (2016) Impacts of (Nano)formulations on the fate of an insecticide in soil and consequences for environmental exposure assessment. Environ Sci Technol 50:10960–10967PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Kah M, Singh KR, Gogos A, Bucheli T (2018a) A critical evaluation of nanopesticides and nanofertilizers against their conventional analogues. Nat Nanotechnol 13(8):677–684PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  67. Kah M, Walch H, Hofmann T (2018b) Environmental fate of nanopesticides: durability, sorption and photodegradation of nanoformulated clothianidin. Environ Sci Nano 5:882–889PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Kalishwaralal K, Banumathi E, Ram KPS, Deepak V, Muniyandi J, Eom SH, Gurunathan S (2009) Silver nanoparticles inhibit VEGF induced cell proliferation and migration in bovine retinal endothelial cells. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 73:51–57PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  69. Kang T, Wang F, Lu L, Zhang Y, Liu T (2010) Methyl parathion sensors based on gold nanoparticles and Nafion film modified glassy carbon electrodes. Sensors Actuators B Chem 145:104–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Kanhed P, Birla S, Gaikwad S, Gade A, Seabra AB, Rubilar O, Duran N, Rai M (2014) In vitro antifungal efficacy of copper nanoparticles against selected crop pathogenic fungi. Mater Lett 115:13–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Karande P, Trasatti JP, Chandra D (2015) Novel approaches for the delivery of biologics to the central nervous system. In: Novel approaches and strategies for biologics, vaccines and cancer therapies. Elsevier, New York, pp 59–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Kasprowicz MJ, Kozio M, Gorczyca A (2010) The effect of sil- ver nanoparticles on phytopathogenic spores of Fusarium culmorum. Can J Microbiol 56:247–253PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  73. Katz H, Mishael YG (2013) Reduced herbicide leaching by in situ adsorption of herbicide-micelle formulations to soils. J Agric Food Chem 62:50–57PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  74. Kavitha KS, Baker S, Rakshith D, Kavitha HU, Yashwantha RHC, Harini BP, Satish S (2013) Plants as green source towards synthesis of nanoparticles. Int Res J Biol Sci 2:66–76Google Scholar
  75. Kayaci F, Sen HS, Durgun E, Uyar T (2014) Functional electrospun polymeric nanofibers incorporating geraniol-cyclodextrin inclusion complexes: high thermal stability and enhanced durability of geraniol. Food Res Int 62:424–431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Khadri H, Alzohairy M, Janardhan A, Kumar AP, Narasimha G (2013) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles with high fungicidal activity from olive seed extract. Adv Nanopart 2:241–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Kheiri A, Moosawi Jorf SA, Mallihipour A et al (2016) Application of chitosan and chitosan nanoparticles for the control of Fusarium head blight of wheat (Fusarium graminearum) in vitro and greenhouse. Int J Biol Macromol 93:1261–1272PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Kiely T, Donaldson D, Grube A (2004) Pesticide industry sales and usage. 2000 and 2001 market estimates available at: http://wwwepagov/pesticides/pestsales/01pestsales/market_estimates2001pdf. Accessed 25 Oct 2012
  79. Kim JS, Kuk E, Yu KN, Kim JH, Park SJ, Lee HJ, Kim SH, Park YK, Park YH, Hwang CY, Kim YK, Lee YS, Jeong DH, Cho MH (2007) Antimicrobial effects of silver nanoparticles. Nanomedicine 3:95–101PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  80. Kim SW, Jung JH, Lamsal K et al (2012) Antifungal effects of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) against various plant pathogenic fungi. Mycobiology 40:53–58PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Kookana RS, Boxall ABA, Reeves PT et al (2014) Nanopesticides: guiding principles for regulatory evaluation of environmental risks. J Agric Food Chem 62:4227–4240PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  82. Kottegoda N, Sandaruwan C, Priyadarshana G et al (2017) Urea-hydroxyapatite nanohybrids for slow release of nitrogen. ACS Nano 11:1214–1221PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  83. Krug HF (2014) Nanosafety research – are we on the right track? Angew Chem Int Ed 3:12304–12319Google Scholar
  84. Kumar S, Chauhan N, Gopal M et al (2015) Development and evaluation of alginate-chitosan nanocapsules for controlled release of acetamiprid. Int J Biol Macromol 81:631–637CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  85. Laware S, Raskar S (2014) Influence of zinc oxide nanoparticles on growth, flowering and seed productivity in onion. Int J Curr Microbiol Appl 3:874–881Google Scholar
  86. Liu R, Lal R (2015) Potentials of engineered nanoparticles as fertilizers for increasing agronomic productions. Sci Total Environ 514:131–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Liu F, Wen LX, Li ZZ et al (2006) Porous hollow silica nanoparticles as controlled delivery system for water-soluble pesticide. Mater Res Bull 41:2268–2275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Liu W, Yao J, Cai M et al (2014) Synthesis of a novel nanopesticide and its potential toxic effect on soil microbial activity. J Nanopart Res 16:2677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Loha KM, Shakil NA, Kumar J et al (2011) Release kinetics of β-cyfluthrin from its encapsulated formulations in water. J Environ Sci Health B Pestic Food Contam Agric Wastes 46:201–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Luiz C, Rocha Neto AC, Di Piero RM (2015) Resistance to xanthomonas gardneri in tomato leaves induced by polysaccharides from plant or microbial origin. J Plant Pathol 97:119–127Google Scholar
  91. Luiz C, Rocha Neto AC, Franco PO, Robson Marcelo DP (2017) Nanoemulsions of essential oils and aloe polysaccharides: antimicrobial activity and resistance inducer potential against Xanthomonas fragariae. Trop Plant Pathol 42:370–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Luo M, Liu D, Zhao L, Han J, Liang Y, Wang P, Zhou Z (2014) A novel magnetic ionic liquid modified carbon nanotube for the simultaneous determination of aryloxyphenoxy-propionate herbicides and their metabolites in water. Anal Chim Acta 852:88–96PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Martínez-Camacho AP, Cortez-Rocha MO, Ezquerra-Brauer JM et al (2010) Chitosan composite films: thermal, structural, mechanical and antifungal properties. Carbohydr Polym 82:305–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Medda S, Hajra A, Dey U, Bose P, Mondal NK (2014) Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles from Aloe vera leaf extract and antifungal activity against Rhizopus sp. and Aspergillus sp. Appl Nanosci 5:875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Mew EJ, Padmanathan P, Konradsen F et al (2017) The global burden of fatal self-poisoning with pesticides 2006–15: systematic review. J Affect Disord 219:93–104PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Morsy MK, Khalaf HH, Sharoba AM, El-Tanahi HH, Cutter CN (2014) Incorporation of essential oils and nanoparticles in pullulan films to control foodborne pathogens on meat and poultry products. J Food Sci 79:M675–M682PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Narayanasamy P (2011) Detection of fungal pathogens in plants. In: Microbial plant-pathogens detection and disease diagnosis. Springer, Dordrecht, p 291Google Scholar
  98. Nenaah GE, Ibrahim SIA, Al-Assiuty BA (2015) Chemical composition, insecticidal activity and persistence of three Asteraceae essential oils and their nanoemulsions against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.). J Stored Prod Res 61:9–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Ngo QB, Dao TH, Nguyen HC, Tran XT, Nguten TV, Khuu TD, Huynh TH (2014) Effects of nanocrystalline powders (Fe, Co and Cu) on the germination, growth, crop yield and product quality of soybean (Vietnamese species DT-51). Adv Nat Sci Nanosci Nanotechnol 5:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Oh SD, Lee S, Choi SH, Lee IS, Lee YM, Chun JH, Park HJ (2006) Synthesis of Ag and Ag-SiO2 nanoparticles by Y-irradiation and their antibacterial and antifungal efficiency against Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium and Botrytis cinerea. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 275:228–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Ouda SM (2014) Antifungal activity of silver and copper nanoparticles on two plant pathogens, Alternaria alternata and Botrytis cinerea. Res J Microbiol 9:34–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Paret ML, Palmateer AJ, Knox GW (2013) Evaluation of a light-activated nanoparticle formulation of titanium dioxide with zinc for management of bacterial leaf spot on Rosa “Noare”. Hortscience 48:189–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Paulkumar K, Gnanajobitha G, Vanaja M, Rajeshkumar S, Malarkodi C, Pandian K, Annadurai G (2014) Piper nigrum leaf and stem assisted green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and evaluation of its antibacterial activity against agricultural plant pathogens. Sci World J 2014:829894CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Pereira AES, Grillo R, Mello NFS et al (2014) Application of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) nanoparticles containing atrazine herbicide as an alternative technique to control weeds and reduce damage to the environment. J Hazard Mater 268:207–215PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Pereira EI, Giroto AS, Bortolin A et al (2015) Perspectives in nanocomposites for the slow and controlled release of agrochemicals: fertilizers and pesticides Elaine. In: Nanotechnologies in food and agriculture. Springer, Cham, pp 241–265Google Scholar
  106. Prasad R (2014) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles in photosynthetic plants. Journal of Nanoparticles, Article ID 963961, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/963961Google Scholar
  107. Prasad R, Pandey R, Barman I (2016) Engineering tailored nanoparticles with microbes: quo vadis. WIREs Nanomed Nanobiotechnol 8:316–330. doi: 10.1002/wnan.1363PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  108. Prasad R, Jha A and Prasad K (2018) Exploring the Realms of Nature for Nanosynthesis. Springer International Publishing (ISBN 978-3-319-99570-0) https://www.springer.com/978-3-319-99570-0Google Scholar
  109. Qin Y, Ji X, Jing J et al (2010) Size control over spherical silver nanoparticles by ascorbic acid reduction. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 372:172–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Queiroz GMP, Silva MR, Bianco RJF, Pinheiro A, Kaufmann V (2011) Transporte de glifosato pelo escoamento superficial e por lixiviação em um solo agrícola. Quim Nova 34:190–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Ramy SY, Ahmed OF (2013) In vitro study of the antifungal efficacy of zinc oxide nanoparticles against Fusarium oxysporum and Penicillium expansum. Afr J Microbiol Res 7:1917–1923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Rao KJ, Paria S (2013) Use of sulfur nanoparticles as a green pesticide on Fusarium solani and Venturia inaequalis phytopathogens. RSC Adv 3:10471–10478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Rawani A, Ghosh A, Chandra G (2013) Mosquito larvicidal and antimicrobial activity of synthesized nano-crystalline silver particles using leaves and green berry extract of Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae: Solanales). Acta Trop 128:613–622PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Ribeiro-Santos R, Andrade M, de Melo NR, Sanches-Silva A (2017) Use of essential oils in active food packaging: recent advances and future trends. Trends Food Sci Technol 61:132–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Rodrigues BN, Almeida FS (2011) Guia de herbicidas. Grafmarke, Londrina, p 639Google Scholar
  116. Roy A, Singh SK, Bajpai J, Bajpai AK (2014) Controlled pesticide release from biodegradable polymers. Cent Eur J Chem 12:453–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Ruffolo SA, La Russa MF, Malagodi M, Oliviero Rossi C, Palermo AM, Crisci GM (2010) ZnO and ZnTiO3 nanopowders for antimicrobial stone coating. Appl Phys A Mater Sci Process 100:829–834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Sabir S, Arshad M, Chaudhari SK (2014) Zinc oxide nanoparticles for revolutionizing agriculture: synthesis and applications. Sci World J 2014:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Sangeetha J, Thangadurai D, Hospet R, Harish ER, Purushotham P, Mujeeb MA, Shrinivas J, David M, Mundaragi AC, Thimmappa AC, Arakera SB, Prasad R (2017) Nanoagrotechnology for soil quality, crop performance and environmental management. In: Prasad R, Kumar M, Kumar V (eds) Nanotechnology. Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd., Singapore, pp 73–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Sangeetha J, Thangadurai D, Hospet R, Purushotham P, Karekalammanavar G, Mundaragi AC, David M, Shinge MR, Thimmappa SC, Prasad R, Harish ER (2017b) Agricultural nanotechnology: Concepts, benefits, and risks. In: Prasad R, Kumar M, Kumar V (eds) Nanotechnology. Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd., Singapore, pp 1–77Google Scholar
  121. Sathiyabama M, Parthasarathy R (2016) Biological preparation of chitosan nanoparticles and its in vitro antifungal efficacy against some phytopathogenic fungi. Carbohydr Polym 151:321–325PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Schreinemachers P, Tipraqsa P (2012) Agricultural pesticides and land use intensification in high, middle and low income countries. Food Policy 37:616–626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Shao X, Cao B, Xu F et al (2015) Effect of postharvest application of chitosan combined with clove oil against citrus green mold. Postharvest Biol Technol 99:37–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Shaoqin L, Lang Y, Xiuli Y, Zhaozhu Z, Zhiyong T (2008) Recent Advances in Nanosensors for Organophosphate Pesticide Detection. Adv Powder Technol 19 (5): 419–441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Shatkin JA, Kim B (2015) Cellulose nanomaterials: life cycle risk assessment and environmental health and safety roadmap. Environ Sci Nano 2:497–499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Singh Y, Meher JG, Raval K et al (2017) Nanoemulsion: concepts, development and applications in drug delivery. J Control Release 252:28–49PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Solans C, Solé I (2012) Nano-emulsions: formation by low-energy methods. Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 17:246–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Stadler T, Buteler M, Weaver DK (2010) Novel use of nanostructured alumina as an insecticide. Pest Manag Sci 66(6):577–579Google Scholar
  129. Stloukal P, Kucharczyk P, Sedlarik V et al (2012) Low molecular weight poly(lactic acid) microparticles for controlled release of the herbicide metazachlor: preparation, morphology, and release kinetics. J Agric Food Chem 60:4111–4119PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Suresh KRS, Shiny PJ, Anjali CH, Jerobin J, Goshen KM, Magdassi S, Mukherjee A, Chandrasekaran N (2013) Distinctive effects of nano-sized permethrin in the environment. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 20:2593–2602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Syu YY, Hung JH, Chen JC, Chuang HW (2014) Impacts of size and shape of silver nanoparticles on Arabidopsis plant growth and gene expression. Plant Physiol Biochem 83:57–64PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Tiwari DK, Dasgupta-Schubert N, Villaseñor Cendejas LM et al (2014) Interfacing carbon nanotubes (CNT) with plants: enhancement of growth, water and ionic nutrient uptake in maize (Zea mays) and implications for nanoagriculture. Appl Nanosci 4:577–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Ulrichs C, Mewis I, Goswami A (2005) Crop diversification aiming nutritional security in West Bengal: biotechnology of stinging capsules in nature’s water-blooms. Ann Tech Issue State Agric Technol Service Assoc:1–18Google Scholar
  134. Villaverde JJ, Sevilla-Morán B, López-Goti C et al (2017) An overview of nanopesticides in the framework of European legislation. In: New pesticides and soil sensors. Elsevier Inc., pp 227–271. Academic Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USAGoogle Scholar
  135. Vyas SP, Kannan ME, Jain S, Mishra V, Singh P (2004) Design of liposomal aerosols for improved delivery of rifampicin to alveolar macrophages. Int J Pharm 269:37–49PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Wani AH, Shah MA (2012) A unique and profound effect of MgO and ZnO nanoparticles on some plant pathogenic fungi. J Appl Pharm Sci 2:40–44Google Scholar
  137. Wen L-X, Li Z-Z, Zou H-K et al (2005) Controlled release of avermectin from porous hollow silica nanoparticles. Pest Manag Sci 61:583–590PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Wen P, Zhu D-H, Wu H et al (2016) Encapsulation of cinnamon essential oil in electrospun nanofibrous film for active food packaging. Food Control 59:366–376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. World Health Organization (2017) Cancer. Available at: http://www.who.int/cancer/en/
  140. Wu M, Lin G, Chen D et al (2002) Sol-hydrothermal synthesis and hydrothermally structural evolution of nanocrystal titanium dioxide. Chem Mater 14:1974–1980CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Xiang Y, Han J, Zhang G et al (2018) Efficient synthesis of starch-regulated porous calcium carbonate microspheres as a carrier for slow-release herbicide. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 6:3649–3658CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Xu J, Fan QJ, Yin ZQ et al (2010) The preparation of neem oil microemulsion (Azadirachta indica) and the comparison of acaricidal time between neem oil microemulsion and other formulations in vitro. Vet Parasitol 169:399–403PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  143. Yang FL, Li XG, Zhu F, Lei CL (2009) Structural characterization of nanoparticles loaded with garlic essential oil and their insecticidal activity against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). J Agric Food Chem 57(21):10156–10162PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  144. Yu Z, Sun X, Song H, Wang W, Ye Z, Shi L, Ding K (2015) Glutathione-responsive carboxymethyl chitosan nanoparticles for controlled release of herbicides. Mater Sci Appl 6:591–604Google Scholar
  145. Yuvaraj M, Subramanian KS (2014) Controlled-release fertilizer of zinc encapsulated by a manganese hollow core shell. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 61:319–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Zaki AM, Zaki AH, Farghali AA, Abdel-Rahim EF (2017) Sodium titanate -Bacillus as a new nanopesticide for cotton leaf-worm. J Pure Appl Microbiol 11:725–732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Zhang W, Asiri AM, Liu D, Du D, Lin Y (2014) Nanomaterial-based biosensors for environmental and biological monitoring of organophosphorus pesticides and nerve agents. Trends Anal Chem 54:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Zhang X, Liu Z, Shen W, Gurunathan S (2017) Silver nanoparticles: synthesis, characterization, properties, applications, and therapeutic approaches. Int J Mol Sci 17:1534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Zhao L, Seth A, Wibowo N, Zhao CX, Mitter C, Yu Middelberg APJ (2014) Nanoparticle vaccine. Vaccine 32:327–337PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  150. Zhao H, Lan Y, Nan C et al (2016) Preparation of 8% fenpropathrin·cyflumetofen nano-emulsion and its performance. Sci Agric Sin 49:2700–2710Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lilian Rodrigues Rosa Souza
    • 1
  • Argus Cezar da Rocha Neto
    • 2
  • César Rodrigues da Silva
    • 2
  • Leonardo Pereira Franchi
    • 3
  • Tiago Alves Jorge de Souza
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, FFCLRP-USPUniversity of São Paulo-USPRibeirão PretoBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Agronomic EngineeringAdventist University of São Paulo-UNASPEngenheiro CoelhoBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Genetics, FMRP-USPSão Paulo University-USPRibeirão PretoBrazil

Personalised recommendations