Green Synthesis Approaches of Nanoagroparticles

  • Lilian Rodrigues Rosa Souza
  • Argus Cezar da Rocha Neto
  • César Rodrigues da Silva
  • Leonardo Pereira Franchi
  • Tiago Alves Jorge de Souza
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)


The systematic use of agrochemicals has generated numerous damages to biodiversity, resulting in the death of insect pollinators and intoxication of domestic animals and human populations. In this context, ecologically friendly nanocomposites appear as a promising alternative to circumvent this scenario, maintaining agricultural production and eliminating pests. Due to their size, nanoagroparticles have unique properties that are more effective than their major counterparts in combating pests and disease vectors. Moreover, these nanoparticles (NPs) can be used as carriers of herbicides already used in agriculture, such as atrazine, and also as biosensors to detect the presence of compounds and organisms (e.g., pesticides, toxins, pathogens) that can affect the quality and the productivity of agricultural crops. However, in order to ensure the efficiency and the absence of environmental impact of these compounds, special attention should be paid to nanoformulation, synthesis methods, and the degradation and sorption processes, allowing the production of NPs with the desired shape, size, stability, and action mechanism. Unfortunately, conventional methods use toxic compounds during synthesis, which pose a risk to the environment and human health. This scenario has generated concern on the part of the scientific community, which is represented by the growing number of scientific articles addressing aspects related with nanoagroparticle ecological friendly synthesis approaches, also known as green synthesis methods. These methodologies use organisms such as microbes, plants, and fungi as nanobiofactories, which makes possible the production of nanopesticides and nanoherbicides without the use of toxic compounds. Considering this scenario, this chapter proposes to address the various methods of nanoagroparticle green synthesis, emphasizing the advances obtained in last years and the future perspectives regarding the use of these NPs in agriculture.


Nanopesticides Nanoherbicides Nanoagroparticles Fungicides Nanoformulation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lilian Rodrigues Rosa Souza
    • 1
  • Argus Cezar da Rocha Neto
    • 2
  • César Rodrigues da Silva
    • 2
  • Leonardo Pereira Franchi
    • 3
  • Tiago Alves Jorge de Souza
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, FFCLRP-USPUniversity of São Paulo-USPRibeirão PretoBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Agronomic EngineeringAdventist University of São Paulo-UNASPEngenheiro CoelhoBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Genetics, FMRP-USPSão Paulo University-USPRibeirão PretoBrazil

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