Advertisement

Community/Autonomy in Daily Life: Practices and Perceptions

  • Marielle Risse
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter is a series of ethnographic examples illustrating how Gibalis strive for autonomy within a variety of activities. First, there is a discussion, a series of specific acts (talking on the phone, driving, going fishing, and choosing a spouse) to demonstrate how the activity is negotiated so that Gibalis can have personal satisfaction without violating cultural norms. Then there is an explanation of the cultural importance of keeping one’s autonomy, self-control, and self-respect while simultaneously giving others latitude to follow their own wishes within a tribal- and community-oriented society. Examples such as attitudes toward authority and how oaths are used to regulate behavior, are used to explicate how Gibalis maneuver between creating a harmonious public persona and achieving their own goals.

References

Please note that a full list of references can be found at mariellerisse.com

  1. Abu-Lughod, Lila. (1989). “Zones of Theory in the Anthropology of the Arab World.” Annual Review of Anthropology, 18, 267–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. ———. (1990). “Anthropology’s Orient: The Boundaries of Theory in the Arab World.” In Theory, Politics and the Arab World: Critical Responses. Hisham Sharabi, ed. pp. 81–131. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Altorki, Soraya, and Camillia El-Solh, eds. (1988). Arab Women in the Field: Studying Your Own Society. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bai, Li. (n.d.). “Sitting Alone on Jingting Shan Hill.” Li Bai English Translations. http://www.chinese-poems.com/lbe.html.
  5. Betteridge, Anne. (1980). “The Controversial Vows of Urban Muslim Women in Iran.” In Unspoken Words: Women’s Religious Lives in Non-Western Cultures. Nancy Auer Falk and Rita M. Gross, eds. pp. 141–155. San Francisco: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  6. Caton, Steve. (1986). “Salāam Tahīyah: Greetings from the Highlands of Yemen.” American Ethnologist, 13(2), 290–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chatty, Dawn. (2000). “Integrating Participation into Research and Consultancy: A Conservation Example from Arabia.” Social Policy and Administration, 34(4), 408–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Eickelman, Christine. (1984). Women and Community in Oman. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Gill, A. (2006, January 29). “Oman: The Turban Warrior.” The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/travel/destinations/middle_east/article716337.ece.
  10. Janzen, Jorg. (1986). Nomads in the Sultanate of Oman: Tradition and Development in Dhofar. London: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  11. Johnstone, T. M. (1975). “Oath-Taking and Vows in Oman.” Arabian Studies, 2, 7–18.Google Scholar
  12. Ladwig III, Walter C. (2008). “Supporting Allies in Counterinsurgency: Britain and the Dhofar Rebellion.” Small Wars and Insurgencies, 19(1), 62–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Martin, Robin Ann. (2011). “Service Projects and Women’s Agency in Salalah, Oman: A Portrait of Pre-service Dhofari English Teachers.” International Journal of Educational Development.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iedudev.2011.05.002.
  14. Mernissi, Fatima. (1987/1975). Beyond the Veil: Male-Female Dynamics in Modern Muslim Society. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Morris, Miranda. (2007, April 19). “The Pre-literate, Non-Arabic Languages of Oman and Yemen.” Lecture at a Joint Meeting of the Anglo-Omani and British-Yemeni Societies. http://www.al-bab.com/bys/articles/morris07.htm. Accessed November 18, 2012.
  16. Rubin, Aaron. (2014). The Jibbali Language of Oman: Grammar and Texts. Leiden: Brill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Schneider, Jane. (1971). “Of Vigilance and Virgins: Honor, Shame and Access to Resources in Mediterranean Societies.” Ethnology, 10(1), 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Tabook, Salim Bakhit. (1997). Tribal Practices and Folklore of Dhofar, Sultanate of Oman. Unpublished PhD thesis, Faculty of Arts, Exeter University.Google Scholar
  19. Thesiger, Wilfred. (1991/1959). Arabian Sands. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  20. Thomas, Bertram. (1929). “Among Some Unknown Tribes of South Arabia.” The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 59, 97–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Titcomb, Fran. (2011). Personal Communication.Google Scholar
  22. Weir, Shelagh. (2007). A Tribal Order: Politics and Law in the Mountains of Yemen. Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  23. Wikan, Unni. (1982). Behind the Veil in Arabia: Women in Oman. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marielle Risse
    • 1
  1. 1.Dhofar UniversitySalalahOman

Personalised recommendations