Language, Culture, Methodology, and Literature Review

  • Marielle Risse


The first chapter gives an overview of the non-written language of Gibali and the groups of tribes who speak it. It explains the methodology of the book, including a discussion of the complexities of doing research in southern Arabia as a Methodist, female American studying Muslim, Arab, and tribal people. It also briefly summarizes previous writings (exploration, history, governance, anthropology, travel writing, travel guides, fiction, etc.) on Dhofar and explains how this study is unique in its access to both male and female interlocutors.


Please note that a full list of references can be found at

  1. Abu-Lughod, Lila. (1991). “Writing Against Culture.” In Recapturing Anthropology, Richard Fox, ed. pp. 137–162. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press.Google Scholar
  2. ———. (1999). Response to “Writing for Culture: Why a Successful Concept Should Not Be Discarded.” In Culture, a Second Chance? Supplement Special Issues Current Anthropology, 40, S14.Google Scholar
  3. Al Farsi, Sulaiman. (2013). Democracy and Youth in the Middle East: Islam, Tribalism and the Rentier State in Oman. London: I.B. Tauris.Google Scholar
  4. Al Farsy, Muntasir Shaaban. (2015). Happy Platinum Jubilee to the Al Asaidiya. No City: No Publisher.Google Scholar
  5. Al Ghassani, Salim bin Ahmed. (2010). The Way and the Guide.Google Scholar
  6. Al Hamdani, Ibrahim. (2010). Winning Hearts and Minds: Development as an Anti-Insurgency Weapon—The Dhofar War. Muscat: Establishment for Press, Publications and Advertising.Google Scholar
  7. Al Hashimi, Said Sultan. (2011). “The Omani Spring: Towards the Break of a New Dawn.” Arab Reform Brief, 52.
  8. Al Kabani, Said bin Rashid. (2015). A Soldier from Oman: Memory’s Nectar. Trans. Khalid al Balushi. Muscat: Bait al Ghasham.Google Scholar
  9. Allen, Calvin, and Akbar S. Ahmed. (2002). Oman: Creation of the Modern Middle East. New York: Chelsea House Publications.Google Scholar
  10. Allen, Calvin, and W. Lynn Rigsbee. (2002). Oman Under Qaboos: From Coup to Constitution, 1970–1996. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  11. Barth, Fredrik. (1983). Sohar: Culture and Society in an Omani Town. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Beasant, John. (2013/2002). Oman: The True-life Drama and Intrigue of an Arab State. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing.Google Scholar
  13. Bent, James, and Mabel Bent. (2005/1900). Southern Arabia. London: Elibron.Google Scholar
  14. Billings, Dorothy. (1998). “Is Fieldwork Art or Science.” In The Humbled Anthropologist: Tales from the South Pacific. Philip DeVita, ed. pp. 1–7. Florence, KY: Wadsworth Publishing.Google Scholar
  15. Boustead, Hugh. (2002/1971). The Wind of Morning: An Autobiography. Fresno, CA: Craven Street.Google Scholar
  16. Bromwich, David. (2014). Moral Imagination. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Brumann, Christoph. (1999). “Writing for Culture: Why a Successful Concept Should Not Be Discarded,” In Culture, a Second Chance? Supplement Special Issues Current Anthropology, 40, S1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Caton, Steve. (1999). Lawrence of Arabia: A Film’s Anthropology. Oakland, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  19. Chatty, Dawn. (1976). “From Camel to Truck.” Folk, 18, 114–128.Google Scholar
  20. ———. (1997). Mobile Pastoralists: Development Planning and Social Change in Oman. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  21. ———. (1998). Enclosures and Exclusions: Conserving Wildlife in Pastoral Areas of the Middle East. Anthropology Today, 14(4), 2–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. ———. (2000). Women Working in Oman: Individual Choice and Cultural Constraints. International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 32, 241–254.Google Scholar
  23. Clements, Frank, complier. (1994). Oman (World Bibliographical Series, Vol. 29, revised). Oxford: Clio Press.Google Scholar
  24. Cooke, Miriam. (2014). Tribal Modern: Branding New Nations in the Arab Gulf. Berkely: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  25. Davidson, Christopher. (2015). After the Sheikhs: The Coming Collapse of the Gulf Monarchies. London: Hurst.Google Scholar
  26. Eickelman, Christine. (1984). Women and Community in Oman. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Eickelman, Dale. (1985). “From Theocracy to Monarchy: Authority and Legitimacy in Inner Oman, 1935–1957.” The International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 17(1), 3–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Funsch, Linda Pappas. (2015). Oman Reborn: Balancing Tradition and Modernization. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  29. Ghaffar-Kucher, Ameena. (2014). Writing Culture; Inscribing Lives: A Reflective Treatise on the Burden of Representation in Native Research. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 1–17.
  30. Ghubash, Hussein. (2006). Oman: The Islamic Democratic Tradition. Trans. Mary Turton. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  31. Groom, Nigel. (2002). Sheba Revealed: A Posting to Bayhan in the Yemen. London: London Center of Arab Studies.Google Scholar
  32. Halliday, Fred. (1975). Arabia without Sultans: A Political Survey of Instability in the Arab World. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
  33. Hamilton, A. (1949). The Kingdom of Melchior: Adventure in South West Arabia. London: John Murray.Google Scholar
  34. Henderson, Edward. (1993/1988). This Strange Eventful History: Memoirs of earlier Days in the UAE and the Sultanate of Oman. Dubai: Motivate Publishing.Google Scholar
  35. Hopkins, Marycarol. (1996). “Is Anonymity Possible? Writing About Refugees in the United States.” In When They Read What We Write: The Politics of Ethnography, Caroline Brettell, ed. pp. 121–130. London: Bergin & Garvery.Google Scholar
  36. Ingrams, Doreen. (2013/1970). A Time in Arabia: Life in Hadhramaut. London: Eland.Google Scholar
  37. Kaplan, Robert. (2010). Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  38. Kechichian, Joseph. (1995). Oman and the World: The Emergence of an Independent Foreign Policy. Santa Monica, CA: Rand.Google Scholar
  39. ———. (2006). Political Participation and Stability in the Sultanate of Oman. Dubai, United Arab Emirates: Gulf Research Center.Google Scholar
  40. Kelly, J. B. (1980). Arabia, the Gulf and the West. London: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  41. Kondo, D. (1984). “Dissolution and Reconstitution of Self: Implications for Anthropological Epistemology.” Cultural Anthropology, 1, 74–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Lawrence, T. E. (2008/1935). The Seven Pillars of Wisdom: A Triumph. London: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  43. Limbert, Mandana. (2010). In the Time of Oil: Piety, Memory and Social Life in an Omani Town. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  44. Miller, Anthony, Miranda Morris, and Susanna Stuart-Smith. (1988). Plants of Dhofar, the Southern Region of Oman: Traditional, Economic, and Medicinal Uses. Muscat: Office of the Adviser for Conservation of the Environment, Diwan of Royal Court.Google Scholar
  45. Ministry of Information, Sultanate of Oman. (1995). Oman in History. London: Immel Publishing.Google Scholar
  46. Morris, Miranda. (1987). “Dhofar—What Made it Different.” In Oman: Economic, Social and Strategic Development, B. R. Pridham, ed. pp. 51–78. London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
  47. Owtram, Francis. (2004). A Modern History of Oman: Formation of the State Since 1920. London: I. B. Tauris.Google Scholar
  48. Peterson, John E. (2004). “Oman’s Diverse Soceity: Southern Oman.” Middle East Journal, 58(2), 254–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. ———. (2006). Historical Muscat: An Illustrated Guide and Gazetteer (Handbook of Oriental Studies: Section 1, the Near & Middle East). Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  50. ———. (2007). Oman’s Insurgencies: The Sultanate’s Struggle for Supremacy. London: Saqi.Google Scholar
  51. ———. (2016/1978). Oman in the Twentieth Century: Political Foundations of an Emerging State. London: Routledge Library Editions.Google Scholar
  52. Plekhanov, Sergey. (2004). A Reformer on the Throne: Sultan Qaboos Bin Said Al Said. London: Trident.Google Scholar
  53. Pridham, B. R., ed. (1987). Oman: Economic, Social and Strategic Development. London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
  54. Price, David. (1975). Oman: Insurgency and Development. Conflict Studies; No. 53. London: Institute for the Study of Conflict.Google Scholar
  55. Rabi, Uzi. (2006). The Emergence of States in a Tribal Society: Oman Under Sa’id bin Taymur, 1932–1970. Eastbourne, UK: Sussex Academic Press.Google Scholar
  56. Riphenburg, Carol. (1998). Oman: Political Development in a Changing World. Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
  57. Risso, Patricia. (1986). Oman and Muscat: An Early Modern History. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  58. Rubin, Aaron D. (2014). The Jibbali Language of Oman: Grammar and Texts. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  59. St. Albans, Suzanne. (1980). Where Time Stood Still: A Portrait of Oman. London: Quartet Books Ltd.Google Scholar
  60. Stark, Freya. (2002/1940). A Winter in Arabia: A Journey Through Yemen. New York: Overlook Press.Google Scholar
  61. Synder, Mark. Faculty page, University of Minnesota, College of Liberal Arts.
  62. ———. (n.d.). “Interactive Version of Self-Monitoring Scale.”
  63. Tabook, Salim Bakhit. (1997). Tribal Practices and Folklore of Dhofar, Sultanate of Oman. Unpublished PhD thesis, Faculty of Arts, Exeter University.Google Scholar
  64. Takriti, Abdul Razzaq. (2013). Monsoon Revolution: Republicans, Sultans and Empires in Oman 1965–1976. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  65. Tatchell, Jo. (2009). A Diamond in the Desert: Behind the Scenes in Abu Dhabi, the World’s Richest City. New York: Black Cat Publishing.Google Scholar
  66. Tedlock, Barbara. (1991). “From Participant Observation to the Observation of Participation: The Emergence of Narrative Ethnography.” Journal of Anthropological Research, 47, 69–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Thesiger, Wilfred. (1991/1959). Arabian Sands. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  68. Valeri, Marc. (2009). Oman: Politics and Society in the Qaboos State. New York: Columbia.Google Scholar
  69. van der Meulen, Daniel. (1958/1947). Aden to the Hadramaut: A Journey in South Arabia. London: John Murray.Google Scholar
  70. Volpp, Leti. (2001). “Feminism Versus Multiculturalism.” Columbia Law Review, 101(5), 1181–1218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Watson, Janet. (2012). The Structure of Mehri. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.Google Scholar
  72. Wikan, Unni. (1977). “Man Becomes Woman: Transexualism in Oman as a Key to Gender Roles.” Man, 12, 304–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. ———. (1982). Behind the Veil in Arabia: Women in Oman. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  74. ———. (1984). “Shame and Honor: A Contestable Pair.” Man, 19, 635–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Wilkinson, J. C. (1971). “The Oman Question: The Background to the Political Geography of South-East Arabia.” The Geographical Journal, 137(3), 361–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. ———. (1972). “The Origins of the Omani State.” In The Arabian Peninsula: Society and Politics, Derek Hopwood, ed. pp. 67–88. Towowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  77. ———. (1983). Traditional Concepts of Territory in South Arabia. Geographical Journal, 149(3), 301–315.Google Scholar
  78. ———. (2013). Water & Tribal Settlement in South-East Arabia (Studies on Ibadism and Oman). New York: Georg Olms Verlag.Google Scholar
  79. Worrall, James. (2012). “Oman: The ‘Forgotten Corner’ of the Arab Spring.” Middle East Policy, 19(3), 98–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. ———. (2014). Statebuilding and Counterinsurgency in Oman: Political, Military and Diplomatic Relations at the End of Empire. London: I. B. Tauris.Google Scholar
  81. Wippel, Steffen, ed. (2013). Regionalizing Oman: Political, Economic and Social Dynamics. Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  82. Zarins, Juris. (2001). The Land of Incense: Archaeological Work in the Governorate of Dhofar, Sultanate of Oman, 1990–1995. Muscat, Oman: Sultan Qaboos University Publications.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marielle Risse
    • 1
  1. 1.Dhofar UniversitySalalahOman

Personalised recommendations