Non-fluoroscopic Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation

  • Mouhannad M. SadekEmail author


Atrial fibrillation ablation is the last frontier of ablation using a non-fluoroscopic approach; it is however the procedure with the highest radiation exposure patients and health personnel. Combining 3-D mapping systems and nonionizing imaging modalities such as intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) allows safe and effective completion of the ablation procedure without fluoroscopy.


Atrial fibrillation ablation Non-fluoroscopic Intracardiac ultrasound 3-D mapping 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Arrhythmia Service, Division of CardiologyUniversity of Ottawa Heart InstituteOttawaCanada

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