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Consumer Law, Sustainable Energy Consumption and Mini- and Microgrid Decentralized Generation in Brazil

  • Claudia Lima Marques
  • Matheus Linck Bassani
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter analyses the legal framework for mini- and microgrid decentralized generation specified in Brazilian National Agency of Electricity (ANEEL) Normative Resolution (REN) No. 482/2012 and verifies the advantages and disadvantages therein. In this context, the chapter addresses the question of why there are so few mini- and microgrid energy connections in Brazil considering the vast potential of the country’s solar and wind resources. Global frameworks, such as the as UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)—in particular, SDG 7 (Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all), SDG 12 (Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns), and SDG 17 (Revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development)—and the UNCTAD Guidelines for Consumer Protection, provide a basis for analysis. The Brazilian Consumer Protection Code (BCPC) has been targeted by proposals to mandate sustainable consumption as a market principle in Brazil, and the chapter will analyse this. It will then assess whether the legal framework in Brazil is fit for promoting growth in sustainable energy generation. The chapter contends that the lack of positive incentives established by the legal framework is an obstacle to increase the adoption of the decentralized system by consumers.

Keywords

Sustainable consumption Decentralized generation of electricity Sustainable development Brazil Renewable energy Consumer law Prosumer 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Lima Marques
    • 1
  • Matheus Linck Bassani
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Law, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)Porto AlegreBrazil

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