French Golf Tourism and Sustainable Development

  • Sorina Cernaianu
  • Claude Sobry
Part of the Tourism, Hospitality & Event Management book series (THEM)


Over the last few years, golf has increasingly contributed to the development of tourism. In order to attract many golfers it is necessary to develop quality infrastructure, meaning not only golf courses, but also restaurants, hotels and leisure facilities. Based on data provided by diverse golf associations, federations and other organizations, we described the development of the golf tourism market in Europe, focusing more precisely on France, which has all the assets to make golf a first class sector of activity, both by developing domestic practice and attracting golf tourists. For golf tourism to become a tourism industry similar to what winter sport tourism, it is necessary for the actors to imagine a long-term strategy of coordinated investments and communication.


  1. BIPE. (2007). Le poids économique du golf en France. Rapport final [The economic weight of golf in France. Final report]. Accessed February 20, 2016, from
  2. Boulo, G. (2012). Le développement du golf et du tourisme golfique en France: bien préparer son jeu [The development of golf and golf tourism in France: How to prepare one’s game]. Accessed November 15, 2016, from
  3. Boulo, G. (2013, May 9). Tourisme golfique en France: trésor caché ou trésor gâché [Golf tourism in France: Hidden treasure or ruined treasure]. Accessed November 15, 2016, from
  4. Cater, E. (1993). Ecotourism in the third world: Problems for sustainable tourism development. Tourism Management, 14(2), 85–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Elkington, J. (1997). Cannibals with forks: The TBL of 21st century business. Oxford: Capstone Publishing.Google Scholar
  6. European Golf Association (EGA). (2016). Accessed March 7, 2016, from
  7. Fawcett, M. (2014). Le renouvellement et le contrôle des cessions de golf [The renewal and control of golf assignments]. Accessed November 20, 2016, from
  8. Fédération Française de Golf (FFG). (2006). Charte sur l’eau. [Charter for water.]. Accessed March 2, 2016, from
  9. Fédération Française de Golf (FFG). (2010). Charte nationale golf et environnement: premier rapport quinquennal. Préservation de la ressource en eau. Etude quantitative [National Charter for Golf and Environment: First quinquennal report. Preservation of the water resource. Quantitative study]. Accessed March 2, 2016, from
  10. Fédération Française de Golf (FFG). (2015). Statistiques 2015. Les licences FFGOLF [Statistics 2015. FFGOLF licences]. Accessed November 12, 2016, from
  11. Fyall, A., & Jago, L. (2009). Sustainability in sport and tourism. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 14, 77–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gibson, H., Kaplanidou, K., & Kang, S. J. (2012). Small-scale event sport tourism: A case study in sustainable tourism. Sport Management Review, 15(2), 160–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hudson, S. (Ed.). (2003). Sport and adventure tourism. New York: The Haworth Hospitality Press.Google Scholar
  14. Hudson, S., & Hudson, L. (2014). Golf tourism (2nd ed.). Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers.Google Scholar
  15. KPMG. (2016). Golf participation report for Europe 2016. KPMG Golf Advisory Practice in EMEA. Accessed November 10, 2016, from
  16. Lesay, J.-D. (2013, March 25). Golf: les greens passent au vert [Golf: Greens go to green]. Banque des Territoires. Accessed November 20, 2016, from
  17. Liu, Z. (2003). Sustainable tourism development: A critique. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 11, 459–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. O’Brien, D., & Chalip, L. (2008). Sport events and strategic leveraging: Pushing towards the triple bottom line. In A. Woodside & D. Martin (Eds.), Tourism management: Analysis, behaviour and strategy (pp. 318–338). Oxfordshire: CABI.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. UNWTO International Summit on Tourism, Sport and Mega-events. (2010, February). Johannesburg, South Africa. Accessed November 10, 2016, from
  20. World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED). (1987). Our common future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sorina Cernaianu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Claude Sobry
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.University of CraiovaCraiovaRomania
  2. 2.URePSSS (EA 7369), IRNISTLilleFrance
  3. 3.University of LilleLilleFrance

Personalised recommendations