• Li Wenpei 
  • Yan Dong 
  • Chen Yifeng Email author
Part of the Ius Comparatum - Global Studies in Comparative Law book series (GSCL, volume 32)


The collective consultation system in China plays an equivalent function to collective bargaining. Promoted by the Chinese government and trade unions, the collective consultation system has become an essential aspect of labor regulation in China. Collective contracts have been widely signed in different sectors. However, the real effects of collective consultation and collective contracts are often called into question. The collective consultation system in China faces many pressing challenges in functioning as an effective tool to regulate volatile industrial relations. The difficulty is also exacerbated by economic globalization, as a consequence of which workers’ power to bargain is adversely affected. A number of legislative and institutional improvements are desirable with a view to further improving the system, including, for example, consolidating regulations on collective consultation into a single piece of law, strengthening the representativeness and participation of trade unions, and promoting transnational solidarity among workers.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Law, Chinese Academy of Industrial RelationsBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Law, Beijing Foreign Studies UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Peking University Law SchoolBeijingChina

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