Simulation and Diffusion of Bifocal Electronics Laboratory for XII Standard to Enhance Rural Education in Maharashtra

  • A. J. Chaudhari
  • R. B. Waghulade
Conference paper


Being in rural area, many schools and colleges are lacking in laboratories in terms of instrumentation and skills. The reason may be unavailability of experts and funds to update knowledge and laboratories. In this article, we have proposed to develop and diffuse laboratory in the subject of electronics for bifocal students of XII standard studying in rural areas of Maharashtra state. Any teacher or instructor with a little knowledge of computer can develop and simulate this laboratory in his school or college if at least one computer is available. Almost all experiments in the syllabus can be simulated. In this paper we have given comprehensive process to develop such laboratory using 5 Spice software which is easily available.


Simulation 5Spice Analyses OPAMP Rural education 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Chaudhari
    • 1
  • R. B. Waghulade
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Physics and ElectronicsM.J. CollegeJalgaonIndia
  2. 2.Shirish Madhukarrao Chaudhari CollegeJalgaonIndia

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