Summary and Concern About the Future?

  • Rex J. Fleming


CO2 has no role in climate change. The radiative gases of H2O and CO2 respond to the daily changes in weather. These gases radiate the required response to blend with the other two atmospheric forces of convection and latent heat release to redistribute that surface heat upward to produce a balanced energy exchange.

The center of the 70 – year Maunder Minimum occurred in 1680 of the Little Ice Age. If one adds the 350 year cycle suggested by McCracken to 1680, the center of the next solar minimum is in 2030.

There were serious famines during the Little Ice Age when there were 1 billion people on the planet. In 2030, the population will exceed 8 billion. The world needs to work together and form contingency plans over a range of possible outcomes. International plans at the global level are required for food, water, energy and social concerns.


Carbon dioxide Climate change Future plans for: Food, water, energy, society 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rex J. Fleming
    • 1
  1. 1.Global Aerospace, LLC (Retired)BoulderUSA

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