The Source of the Earth’s Thermal Blanket and Energy Balance

  • Rex J. Fleming


The Sun’s output has been steady for the last 1 billion years. Three processes have maintained the energy balance over time: radiation, latent heat release from condensation, and atmospheric convection. These all work together to heat the lower atmosphere, transfer heat upward, cool the upper atmosphere and achieve radiative balance.


Convection Latent heat release Radiation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rex J. Fleming
    • 1
  1. 1.Global Aerospace, LLC (Retired)BoulderUSA

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