Biorefineries: A Sustainable Approach for High Value-Added Products in Rural India

  • Pranav D. PathakEmail author
  • Vidyadhar V. Gedam
  • Sanjay L. Bhagat
  • Anup Chahande
Conference paper


The sustainable disposal of solid waste from the agricultural sector is still an ignored sector in rural India. This is due to the poor knowledge for handling, restricted owed budgets, and inadequate infrastructure and maintenance facilities available at the disposal. Also, the increasing generation rate of this solid waste leads to open dumping or burning without treatment results in the adverse effects on the environment and generates new social and economic problems. On the other hand, due to the increasing population, the world is seriously facing the problems in finding new sources of fuel, food, specialty/commodity chemicals, pharmaceutical products, etc. The only solution to overcome these two serious issues is to develop sustainable “Biorefineries.”This paper focuses on the potential of biorefinery as a solution for many solutions like waste minimization and the generation of value-added products. This strategy will help farmers to generate “wealth from waste.”


Biorefinery Waste disposal Rural India Value-added products Agricultural 


  1. 1.
    Pathak PD, Mandavgane SA, Kulkarni BD (2017) Fruit peel waste: characterization and its potential uses. Curr Sci 113:444–454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Devi S, Gupta C, Jat SL, Parmar MS (2017) Crop residue recycling for economic and environmental sustainability: the case of India. Open Agric 2:486–494Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wadhwa M, Bakshi MPS (2013) Utilization of fruit and vegetable wastes as livestock feed and as substrates for generation of other value-added products H.P.S. Makkar, Editor, FAO, pp 1–67Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    GoI (2016) Waste agricultural biomass for energy: resource conservation and GHG emission reduction. GoI, annual report 2016, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, New Delhi, 2016.
  5. 5.
    Singh DP, Prabha R (2017) Bioconversion of agricultural wastes into high value biocompost: a route to livelihood generation for farmers. Adv Recycl Waste Manag 2:1–5Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jain N, Bhatia A, Pathak H (2014) Emission of air pollutants from crop residue burning in India. Aerosol Air Qual Res 14:422–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    López JÁS, Li Q, Thompson IP (2010) Biorefinery of waste orange peel. Crit Rev Biotechnol 30:63–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Qu W, Pan Z, Zhang R, Ma H, Chen X, Zhu B, Wang Z, Atungulu GG (2009) Integrated extraction and anaerobic digestion process for recovery of nutraceuticals and biogas from pomegranate marc. Am Soc Agric Biol Eng 52:1997–2006Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sankar PD, Saleh MAAM, Selvaraj CI, Palanichamy V, Mathew R (2013) Progress of biorefinery in India: a mini review. Res Biotechnol 4:26–35Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pathak PD, Mandavgane SA, Kulkarni BD (2017) Valorization of Pomgranate peel: a biorefinery approach. Waste Biomass Vaolriz 8:1127–1137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fernando S, Adhikari S, Chandrapal C, Murali N (2006) Biorefineries: current status, challenges, and future direction. Energy Fuel 20:1727–1737CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kamm B, Kamm M (2004) Principles of biorefineries. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 64:137–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Herde, Z.D., Dharmasena, R., Draper, G.L., Sumanasekera, G., and Satyavolu, J. Production of high surface area activated carbons for energy storage applications using agricultural biomass residue from a C5-biorefinery in AIP conference. 2018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Isoni V, Kumbang D, Sharratt PN, Khoo HH (2018) Biomass to levulinic acid: a techno-economic analysis and sustainability of biorefinery processes in Southeast Asia. J Environ Manag 214:267–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Jahana MS, Heb Z (2018) Potassium hydroxide based biorefinery concepts for non-wood bioresources. J Bioresour Bioprod 3:1–2Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zacharof M-P (2017) Grape winery waste as feedstock for bioconversions: applying the biorefinery concept. Waste Biomass Valoriz 8:1011–1025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hassan SS, Williams GA, Jaiswal AK (2018) Lignocellulosic biorefineries in Europe: current state and prospects. Trends Biotechnol. In Press, Corrected ProofGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chambost V, Janssen M, Stuart PR (2018) Systematic assessment of triticale-based biorefinery strategies: investment decisions for sustainable biorefinery business models. Biofuels Bioprod Biorefin 12:9–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    González-García S, Morales PC, Gullón B (2018) Estimating the environmental impacts of a brewery waste – based biorefinery: bio-ethanol and xylooligosaccharides joint production case study. Ind Crop Prod 123:331–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Emaga TH, Bindelle J, Agneesens R, Buldgen A, Wathelet B, Paquot M (2011) Ripening influences banana and plantain peels composition and energy content. Trop Anim Health Prod 43:171–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pathak PD, Mandavgane SA, Kulkarni BD (2015) Fruit peel waste as a novel low-cost bio adsorbent. Rev Chem Eng 31:361–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pranav D. Pathak
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vidyadhar V. Gedam
    • 2
  • Sanjay L. Bhagat
    • 3
  • Anup Chahande
    • 4
  1. 1.MIT School of Bioengineering Sciences & ResearchPuneIndia
  2. 2.Environmental Engineering and ManagementNational Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE)MumbaiIndia
  3. 3.P.V.P. Institute of Technology BudhgaonSangliIndia
  4. 4.Department of BiotechnologyPIETNagpurIndia

Personalised recommendations