To Study the Impact of Emissions of Methyl Esters Blends in Diesel Engine

  • Supriya Bobade
  • Pradeep Gaikwad
  • G. Senthilkumar
  • Rajendra Kumbhar
Conference paper


Nowadays the world faces energy crisis due to depletion of resources and increased environmental problems. World’s need of energy is supported by non renewable and some renewable energy sources such as natural gases, diesel fuel, petrol fuel and nuclear energy and hydroelectricity. The non-renewable energy sources will be exhausted very soon. This may be due to rapid growth in population and financial developments. So that petroleum prizes are increasing day by day. Continued and increasing utilization of such fuels resulted in higher air pollution. Therefore, there is an immediate requirement and the researchers are working hard to find a new energy resource that is of biological resource, reliable and most important is that should be cheap as a substitute to the current diesel fuel. In this regard, recently, biodiesel derived from vegetable oil has been shown to be a viable substitute to running diesel fuel (B00%) for diesel engines and is receiving worldwide attention because of its ecofriendly nature, carbon neutrality and non toxicity. Biodiesel fuel is supporting to reduce exhaust gases. This paper deals with the application of pongamia and jatropha methyl esters in diesel engine. Both the methyl esters were synthesized by acid esterification followed by a heterogeneous catalyzed transesterification reaction method. The blends such as B10%, B20%, B30% were prepared separately from each of methyl ester of jatropha and pongamia respectively. The B00% i.e. diesel fuel was considered as a standard fuel. All the fuel blends including B00% were run in a single cylinder diesel engine at various loads (such as 0, 3, 6, 9, 12 kg) as well as with various compression ratios (such as CR14, CR15, CR16, CR17 CR18).The harmful pollutants such as hydrocarbon (HC), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrous oxides (NOx) of all samples were studied and reported here.


Diesel fuel Methyl ester Pollutants Trans esterification reaction 


  1. 1.
    Ma F, Hanna MA (1199) Biodiesel production: a review. Bioresour Technol 70:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chavan SB, Kumbhar RR, Kumar A, Sharma YC (2015) Study of biodiesel blends on emission and performance characterization on variable compression ratio engine. Energy Fuel 29:4393–4398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chavan SB, Kumbhar RR, Madhu D, Sing B, Sharma YC (2015) Synthesis of biodiesel from JatrophaCurcus oil using waste egg shell and study of its fuel properties. R Chem Soc 5:63596–63604Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Boehman AL, Morris D, Szybist J (2004) The impact of bulk modules of diesel fuel injection timing. Energy Fuel 18:1877–1882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Paul G, Datta A, Mandal BK (2014) An experimental and numerical investigation of performance, emission and combustion characteristics of diesel engine filled with Jatropha biodiesel. Energy Procedia 54:455–467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sairam K, Gopinath A, Velraj R (2015) Effect of dispersion of various nano additives on performance and emission characteristics of CI engine fuelled with diesel, biodiesel and blends- a review. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 49:563–576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Das SK, Lingfa P, Chavan SB (22018) An experimental investigation on application of potential heterogeneous catalysed Nahar biodiesel and its blends as a diesel engine fuel. Energy Sources:2923–2932Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chavan SB, Renish RR, Shinde CA, Kumbhar RR (2015) Application of ecofriendly heterogeneous catalyst (CaO) for synthesis of biodiesel and its characterization on VCR engine. Int Rev Mech Eng 9:314–323Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Roy MM, Wang W, Alawi M (2014) Performance and emissions of diesel engine fuelled by biodiesel-diesel, biodiesel-diesel-additives and kerosene biodiesel blends. Energy Convers Manag 84:164–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Singh M, Gandhi SK, Mahla SK, Sandhu SS (2018) Experimentally investigations of performance and emissions characteristics of variable speed multi- cylinder compression ignition engine diesel/argemone biodiesel blends. Energy Explor Exploit 36(3):535–555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Peng D-X (2015) Exhaust emission characteristics of various biofuels. Adv Mech Eng 7(7):1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yadav M, Chavan SB, Bux F, Singh B, Sharma YC (2018) Experimental study on emissions of algal biodiesel and its blends on a diesel engine. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 4:59Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bobade SN, Khyade VB (2012) Preparation of methyl ester (biodiesel) from Karanja (Pongamia Pinnata Linn) oil. Res J Chem Sci 2(8):43–50Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bobade SN, Kumbhar RR, Khyade VB (2013) Preparation of methyl ester (biodiesel) from JatrophaCurcus Linn oil. Res J Agric For Sci 1(2):12–19Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chavan SB, Sharma YC (2018) Reducing the cost of biodiesel production with support of its byproducts. J Indian Chem Soc 95(6):667–672Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Supriya Bobade
    • 1
  • Pradeep Gaikwad
    • 2
  • G. Senthilkumar
    • 2
  • Rajendra Kumbhar
    • 3
  1. 1.Indian Biodiesel CorporationBaramatiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSathyabama Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryYashwantrao Chavan Institute of ScienceSataraIndia

Personalised recommendations