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Abutilon indicum (Link) Sweet (Malvaceae)

(Syns.: Sida asiatica L.; S. indica L.; S. populifolia Lam.)
  • Shahid AkbarEmail author
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Abstract

A plant of the tropics and subtropical regions, with fruits dentate like a comb. Juice of its leaves and flowers is used in the treatment of bleeding, hematuria, bloody piles, and to soothe dysuria in gonorrhoea, and is reputed in Ayurveda with Vata dosha pacifying qualities that helps to treat diabetic neuropathy. Decoction of leaves is used as gargle in toothache, diphtheria, tonsillitis and pharyngitis. In the Philippines, leaves decoction is used for cleansing wounds and ulcers, and for enemas or vaginal douche or lotions. Aqueous extract contains alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, glycosides, and saponins. Aqueous leaf extract has demonstrated significant hypoglycemic effect in normal and moderately diabetic rats, and offered protection against hepatotoxic agents in rats. Antidiabetic activity is reported due to decreased absorption of glucose from intestines, increased insulin secretion and activation of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) promoter activity. Decoction of the plant alleviated symptoms of diabetic neuropathy in a randomized controlled clinical trial.

Keywords

Abutilão Abutilone Atibalaa Darakht-e-shanah Fausse guimauve satinée Indian marshmallow Indische schönmalve Kanghi Mo pan cao Takasago ichibi 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.StocktonUSA

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