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Apium graveolens L. (Apiaceae/Umbelliferae)

  • Shahid AkbarEmail author
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Abstract

A glabrous herb that grows wild and is also cultivated throughout the world as a vegetable. Celery is used in various forms, such as fresh herb, stalk, seeds, oil, and oleoresin for flavoring of foods, and for medicinal purposes. Galen described celery root as diuretic, emmenagogue, carminative, and antiflatulent. Seeds are described as deobstruent and resolvent, and used in the form of a poultice with barley meal; and, internally recommended as pectoral and tonic, and carminative adjunct to purgatives, as diuretic, emmenagogue, lithotriptic, alexipharmic, and also as antiphlegmatic, antinauseant, and anthelmintic. Seeds are also stimulant, cardiotonic, and pectoral, and are used in cough, bronchitis, asthma, pleurisy, sciatica, and liver and spleen diseases. In traditional medicine of Morelos state of Mexico, the plant is used to treat diarrhea, hypertension, and bronchopulmonary diseases, and root decoction is used in women to reduce milk production. In Danish folk medicine, it is used to treat depression and anxiety, and in the Philippines, decoction of whole plant is considered diuretic and emmenagogue. Celery contains crude protein, fat, vitamin C, β-carotene, calcium, sodium, and phosphorus, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, apigenin, luteolin, tannin, saponin and kaempferol. It also contains significant amounts of α-tocopherol, and acts as a powerful antioxidant. Essential oil from seeds showed tranquillizing activity, and protected mice against seizures; only the nitrogenous portion of the EO possesses CNS activity. Methanol extract of whole plant improved memory in mice, and reduced brain LPO, AChE and MAO-A activities. Methanol and aqueous extracts of both aerial parts and seeds also protected against experimental gastric lesions, similar to omeprazole.

Keywords

Ache Ajmud Apio acuático Bladselderij Eppich Karafs Kharãśwa Qin Sedano Selleri 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.StocktonUSA

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