Advertisement

Introduction: The Function of Religious Thinking in Interreligious Activity

  • Julia Ipgrave
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter introduces the dimension of religious thinking posing the question of its function within interreligious activity. It begins by acknowledging the tradition of theologies of religion including the classic triadic distinction between exclusivism, inclusivism and pluralism, particularist theologies and dialogical approaches. It recognises some relevance of these to the interreligious field being studied but also their limitations for covering the wide spectrum of religious positions held by interreligious actors. Correlations made between particular theological positions and interreligious engagement are called into question by findings from this research project, and secular societal reasons for interreligious involvement are recognised. Nevertheless, religious thinking is found to have a significant role in interreligious activity serving a number of functions. This chapter highlights four functions which are used to support analysis in the case studies that follow. These are interpreting, being participants’ attempts to make sense of their encounters with religious plurality; positioning which concerns the use of religious thinking to locate individuals and faith communities in relation to each other and wider society; motivating being religious impulses for involvement; legitimising when religious scripture and example is used to justify interreligious engagement.

Keywords

Religious thinking Interreligious theology Interpreting Positioning Motivating Legitimising 

References

  1. Amirpur, Katajan, Thorsten Knauth, Carola Roloff, and Wolfram Weiße, eds. 2016. Perspektiven dialogischer Theologie. Münster: Waxmann.Google Scholar
  2. Barnes, Michael. 2012. Interreligious Learning: Dialogue, Spirituality and the Christian Imagination. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Baumann, Gerd. 2004. Grammars of Identity/Altereity. In Grammars of Identity/Altereity: A Structural Approach, ed. Gerd Baumann and Andre Gringrich, 18–50. New York: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
  4. Berking, Helmuth, Silke Steets, and Jochen Schwenk, eds. 2018. Religious Pluralism and the City: Inquiries into Postsecular Urbanism. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  5. Compson, Jane. 1996. The Dalai Lama and the World Religions: A False Friend? Religious Studies 32(2): 271–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cornille, C. 2012. Meaning and Truth in the Dialogue Between Religions. In The Question of Theological Truth. Philosophical and Interreligious Perspectives, 137–156. Amsterdam: Rodopi.Google Scholar
  7. Council of Europe. 2008. Whitepaper on Intercultural Dialogue: “Living Together as Equals in Dignity”. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.Google Scholar
  8. D’Costa, Gavin. 1996. The Impossibility of a Pluralist View of Religions. Religious Studies 32(2): 223–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. DCLG. 2008. Face-to-Face and Side-by-Side: A Framework for Partnership in Our Multi Faith Society. Wetherby: Communities and Local Government Publications.Google Scholar
  10. DiNoia, Joseph Augustine. 1992. The Diversity of Religions: A Christian Perspective. Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America Press.Google Scholar
  11. Dupuis, Jacques S.J. 2003. Christianity and the Religions: From Confrontation to Dialogue. London: Darton, Longman and Todd.Google Scholar
  12. Heim, Mark. 2001. The Depth of the Riches: A Trinitarian Theology of Religious Ends. Grand Rapids Michigan/Cambridge: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  13. Hick, John. 1989. An Interpretation of Religion. New York: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. King, Sallie B. 2009. Socially Engaged Buddhism. Hawai’i: University of Hawai’i Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Klinkhammer, G., H.-L. Frese, A. Satilmis, and T. Seibert. 2011. Interreligiöse und interkulturelle Dialogue mit MuslimInnen in Deutschland. Bremen: Lit Verlag.Google Scholar
  16. Knitter, Paul F. 2002. Introducing Theologies of Religions. New York: Orbis.Google Scholar
  17. Körs, Anna. 2018. How Religious Communities Respond to Religious Diversity from Interreligious Dialogue to Interreligious Relations, Contacts and Networks. In Religion and Dialogue in the City: Case Studies on Interreligious Encounter in Urban Community and Education, ed. Julia Ipgrave, Thorsten Knauth, Anna Körs, Dörthe Vieregge, and Marie von der Lippe. Münster: Waxmann.Google Scholar
  18. Küng, Hans. 1991. Dialogability and Steadfastness: On Two Complementary Virtues. In Radical Pluralism and Truth: David Tracy and the Hermeneutics of Religion, 237–249. New York: Crossroad Publishing.Google Scholar
  19. McCarthy, Kate. 2007. Interfaith Encounters in America. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Milbank, John. 1993. Theology and Social Theory. Oxford: Wiley.Google Scholar
  21. Moyaert, Marianne. 2012. Recent Developments in the Theology of Interreligious Dialogue: From Soteriological Openness to Hermeneutical Openness. Modern Theology 28(1): 25–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Moyaert, Marianne, and Joris Geldhoff, eds. 2015. Ritual Participation and Interreligious Dialogue: Boundaries, Transgressions and Innovations. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  23. Race, Alan. 1983. Christians and Religious Pluralism. London: SCM.Google Scholar
  24. Rambachan, Ananatanand. 2017. The Significance of the Hindu Doctrine of Ishtadeva for Understanding Religious Pluralism. Journal of Ecumenical Studies 51(1): 39–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Robinson, Bob. 2004. Christians Meeting Hindus: An Analysis and Theological Critique of the Hindu-Christian Encounter in India. Milton Keynes: Regnum Books.Google Scholar
  26. Sacks, Jonathan. 2007. The Home We Build Together: Recreating Society. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
  27. Schmidt-Leukel, Perry. 2015. Intercultural Theology as Interreligious Theology. In Religions and Dialogue: International Approaches, ed. Wolfram Weiße, Katayan Amirpur, and Anna Körs. Münster: Waxmann. Scriptural Reasoning. http://www.scripturalreasoning.org/. Last accessed 10 May 2017.Google Scholar
  28. Smart, Ninian. 1994. The Religious Experience, 5th rev ed. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  29. Smith, Wilfrid Cantwell. 1975. Conflicting Truth-Claims: A Rejoinder. In Truth and Dialogue. The Relationship Between World Religions, ed. J. Hick, 156–162. London: Sheldon Press.Google Scholar
  30. ———. 1989. Towards a World Theology: Faith and the Comparative History of Religion. Maryknoll: Orbis. 1. Edition 1981.Google Scholar
  31. Thangaraj, M. Thomas. 2017. Jesus the Christ – The Only Way to God and to Human Flourishing. Journal of Ecumenical Studies 51(1): 44–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Weiße, Wolfram, Katayan Amirpur, and Anna Körs, eds. 2015. Religions and Dialogue: International Approaches. Münster: Waxmann.Google Scholar
  33. Winter, Tim. 2006. Qur’anic Reasoning as an Academic Practice. In: Modern Theology, July 2006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia Ipgrave
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HumanitiesUniversity of RoehamptonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations