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Parenting Programs for Incarcerated Fathers and Mothers: Current Research and New Directions

  • Ann Booker Loper
  • Caitlin Novero Clarke
  • Danielle H. DallaireEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter considers the impact of parenting programming on incarcerated fathers and mothers from a gendered perspective. This body of work is considered relative to programming and interventions that occur outside of the correctional environment. We review both qualitative and quantitative evaluations of programs and, given the emerging state of this literature, consider some unevaluated programs as well. We focus on quantitative empirical evaluations, including pre-post designs, non-randomized comparison group designs, and randomized comparison group designs, and examine impacts on participants’ parenting knowledge and attitudes, well-being and parenting stress, and behaviors. In total, 38 studies were reviewed (57% for mothers). Collectively, the findings indicate that programming has positive impacts on incarcerated mothers’ and fathers’ knowledge and attitudes, well-being, and stress. The results are mixed when behavioral changes are examined. We explore limitations to this body of research and challenges researchers face in conducting evaluations of programs for incarcerated parents. We conclude with recommendations for future research, policy, and practice.

Keywords

Incarcerated parents Educational programming Intervention Evaluation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ann Booker Loper
    • 1
  • Caitlin Novero Clarke
    • 1
  • Danielle H. Dallaire
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Curry School of EducationUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychological SciencesThe College of William & MaryWilliamsburgUSA

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