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Design of an Intelligent Cooperative Road Hazard Detection Persistent System

  • Islam ElleuchEmail author
  • Achraf Makni
  • Rafik Bouaziz
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 940)

Abstract

Road hazards can cause dangerous accidents which lead to severe impacts on human safety, damage of vehicles and traffic flow deficiency. Therefore, numerous systems based on Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANET) have been proposed to prevent this kind of accidents and enhance road users’ safety. Nevertheless, these systems suffer from some problems, which can reduce their performance. For example, some of the proposed systems are autonomous; they do not exploit VANET to cooperate. In addition, as these systems offer more and more features, they treat a large amount of data, but without storage in a database. This can lead to the problems of congestion or loss of data. So, we propose in this paper a new system, entitled Cooperative Road Hazard Detection Persistent System (CopRoadHazDPS). This system is based on the use of (i) VANET communications to promote cooperation between vehicles, infrastructures and the Control Center, and (ii) Real-Time DataBases (RTDB) to manage data in real-time, effectively and accurately. It ensures the road safety in both cases of road hazards: obstacle detection and dangerous zone alert. Once a vehicle detects a road hazard, its Road Manager cooperates with the other components to analyze the situation and decides about the convenient actions to avoid accidents. Simulations of several driving scenarios in urban roads, within the Vehicles In Network Simulation (VEINS) framework, confirm that CopRoadHazDPS operates correctly and reduces the computing time.

Keywords

Cooperative road hazard detection RTDB VANET communications 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MIRACL Laboratory, Faculty of Economics and Management of SfaxUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia

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