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Precision Crop Protection Using Wireless Sensor Network

  • R. RadhaEmail author
  • Amit Kumar Tyagi
  • K. Kathiravan
  • G. Staflin Betzy
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 940)

Abstract

The Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a widely developing field which provides many solutions to real-world problems (in various aspects of life). In this paper, monitoring process of the agricultural field by the sensor nodes has been discussed. The sensor node continuously monitors the crop and collects the data, then passes it to the Base station with the help of the Cluster Head (CH). The Cluster head is responsible to collect all the data from the sensor nodes. Collected data passes through multiple cluster heads to reach destination and we create topology among the cluster heads with the help of location information passed by every cluster head along with the data. If more number of shortest paths in the network passes through a cluster head and if it is an Articulation Point (AP) then there is a risk of network partition. So the articulation point must be less in the network, at the same time the between-ness centrality of the cluster head must be more. If cluster head is an articulation point then there will be a huge network failure. To overcome this problem, the cluster head has to be changed dynamically by finding the next between-ness centrality in the cluster region of a network. By using this mechanism, the energy consumption of the network can be reduced, the lifetime of the node can be increased, and the clustering efficiency and throughput is also comparatively increased.

Keywords

Location aware routing Articulation point Between-ness centrality Cluster head 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of CSEKoneru Lakshmaiah Education FoundationVaddeswaramIndia
  2. 2.Lingayas VidyapeethFaridabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of Information TechnologyEaswari Engineering CollegeChennaiIndia

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