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Neuropsychiatry and Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Angela Scicutella
Chapter

Abstract

In the United States, according to an updated report by the Centers for Disease Control, about 2.8 million patients sustain head trauma each year due to falls, vehicular accidents, violence, or sports injuries (Taylor et al., MMWR Surveillance Summaries 66:1–16, 2017). Due to improved acute trauma care in hospitals, many patients survive the physical ravages of traumatic brain injury (TBI), but many subsequently experience neuropsychiatric disorders such as those described in the patients above. In this chapter, the modern neuropsychiatrist’s role in the diagnosis and treatment of the psychiatric consequences of TBI such as mood and anxiety disorders, psychosis, agitation, arousal and attention, dementia, and sexual dysfunction will be reviewed.

Keywords

Depression Suicide Apathy Sleep Pseudobulbar affect Mania Anxiety Panic disorder Generalized anxiety disorder Obsessive compulsive disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder Psychosis Agitation Attention Neurocognitive disorders Sexual dysfunction 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela Scicutella
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryDonald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/NorthwellHempsteadUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral HealthNYC Health + Hospitals/Kings CountyBrooklynUSA

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