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Essential Oils from Pines: Chemistry and Applications

  • Gaurav Kumar Silori
  • Naveen Kushwaha
  • Vimal KumarEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Essential oils from pine species have been utilized for numerous applications since centuries. This chapter discusses major aspects of pines’ essential oils, such as their composition, global availability, and medical as well as industrial applications. It has been observed that there are 40 major pine species with availability across the different continents/regions, which has been identified. Though there are a number of contributors in pine essential oils and their respective yields from different species, in the present chapter, 20 major contributors with their yields have been discussed. Further, in last few decades, several extraction techniques have been developed to intensify the extraction of essential oils from different pine species, which are discussed in brief. A few of the emerging techniques are based on ultra-sonication and microwave-assisted irradiations, which take very less time (almost less than 6–10 times) as compared to conventional extraction techniques. Also, major plant pathways dedicated to shikimate and terpenoids have been discussed which are readily found in pine species.

Keywords

Essential oils Pine needles Extraction techniques Shikimate Terpenoids 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gaurav Kumar Silori
    • 1
  • Naveen Kushwaha
    • 1
  • Vimal Kumar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia

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