Introduction to Nanoscience, Nanomaterials, Nanocomposite, Nanopolymer, and Engineering Smart Materials
Biophysical properties of nanoscale objects like high surface area, high diffusivity to cells, efficient uptake, high capacity to be used in biological interfaces, etc. make them very useful tools. Bionanotechnology or nanobiotechnology overlaps nanotechnology in terms of generation of bio-inspired hybrid materials derived from chemical or biological synthesis to fabricate functional macromolecules. Microbial cells are ideal producers for such structures because of their controlled culturability, easily genetic manipulability, and wide diversity.
Biotechnology and molecular biology applications of nanotechnology are widely accepted techniques. DNA extraction and isolation from ancient bone samples, degraded body parts, etc. is still quite difficult. In molecular biology, nanoparticle applications have become an increasingly popular technique for the separation of biomolecules namely proteins, DNA and RNA, for genomics, proteomics, or metabolomics.
In this text, some latest applications of the nanomaterials such as nanotubes, nanoparticles, nanosensors, and so on which use microbial technology and the application of nanotechnology in biotechnology and molecular biology are given.
KeywordsNanomaterials Nanocomposite Nanopolymer Nanotubes Nanosensors Liposomes
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