Advertisement

Thomas De Quincey and the Fluid Movement Between Literary and Scientific Writings on Dream-Inducing Drugs

  • Thalia Trigoni
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology book series (PSHST)

Abstract

This chapter argues that Thomas De Quincey’s autobiographical Confessions of an English Opium-Eater propelled the production of drug autobiographies, temperance confessions, fiction and philosophical enquiry. In line with this main thesis, the chapter is divided into three sections. The first explores the physiological and psychological symptoms that accompanied the dreams De Quincey suffered and often enjoyed while in the drug’s grips. The second traces how nineteenth-century drug autobiographies obsessively referenced De Quincey’s Confessions, and studies how authors and drug users reproduced their personal experiences, both physical and psychological, for the consumption of the general public. Finally, the third section explores how this popular fascination with drugs and dreams contributed to the increasing interest of contemporary physicians in conducting medical professional studies of various dream-inducing drugs.

Keywords

Thomas De Quincey Opium Dreams Drug autobiography History of medicine 

Bibliography

  1. Abramson, Harold A. 1976. “Reassociation of Dreams. II. An LSD Study of Sexual Conflicts in Eczema and Asthma.” Journal of Asthma Research 13(4): 193–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anonymous. 1822a. “Art. XXII. Confessions of an English Opium-Eater.” The British Review and London Critical Journal 20: 474–489.Google Scholar
  3. Anonymous. 1822b. “Art. VII. Confessions of an English Opium Eater.” The Eclectic Review 19: 366–71.Google Scholar
  4. Anonymous. 1823a. “Art. IX. Confessions of an Opium-Eater.” The Monthly Review, or Literary Journal: 288–96.Google Scholar
  5. Anonymous. 1823b. Advice To Opium Eaters, With a Detail of The Effects of That Drug Upon the Human Frame. London: W. R. Goodluck.Google Scholar
  6. Anonymous. 1845. “Correspondence.” Medical Times and Gazette: A Journal of English and Foreign Medicine, and Miscellany of Medical Affairs 12: 128–9, 165–6.Google Scholar
  7. Anonymous. 1851. “Mental Dietetics—The Effects of Stimulants, Solid and Fluid, on the Mind.” Journal of Psychological Medicine and Mental Pathology 4: 89–111.Google Scholar
  8. Anonymous. 1876. Opium-Eating: An Autobiographical Sketch by an Habituate. Philadelphia: Claxton, Remsen, and Haffelfinger.Google Scholar
  9. Anonymous. 1878. Back from the Mouth of Hell; or, The Rescue from Drunkenness. Hartford: American Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  10. Anonymous. 1885. “The Chloroform Habit as Described by One of Its Victims.” Detroit Lancet 8: 251–54.Google Scholar
  11. Anonymous (“An Habitual Drunkard”). 1888. “Habitual Drunkenness.” The Westminster Review 129: 600–612.Google Scholar
  12. Anonymous. 1889. “Confessions of a Young Lady Laudanum Drinker.” Journal of Mental Sciences: 545–550.Google Scholar
  13. Anonymous (“An Ex-Patient”). 1915. “The Psycho-Analysis of an Inebriate: A Record of Experiences and Reflections.” British Journal of Inebriety 12: 22–27.Google Scholar
  14. Baldridge, B. J., M. Kramer, R. M. Whitman, and P. H. Ornstein. 1968. “Smoking and dreams.” Psychophysiology 4: 372–373.Google Scholar
  15. Blair, William. 1842. “An Opium Eater in America.” The Knickerbocker; or New York Monthly Magazine 20: 47–57.Google Scholar
  16. Charalampous, Charis. 2016. Rethinking the Mind–Body Relationship in Early Modern Literature, Philosophy and Medicine: The Renaissance of the Body. New York; London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Choi, Sei Young. 1973. “Dreams as a Prognostic Factor in Alcoholism.” American Journal of Psychiatry 130: 699–702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Chowne, W. D. 1841. “Clinical Observations on a Case of Poisoning With Opium and Opium Eating: Delivered at the Charing-cross Hospital.” Provincial Medical and Surgical Journal 3: 103–8.Google Scholar
  19. Christison, Robert. 1829. A Treatise on Poisons, In Relation to Medical Jurisprudence, Physiology, and the Practice of Physic. Edinburgh: Adam Black; London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, & Green.Google Scholar
  20. Colton, Walter. 1836. “Turkish Sketches: Effects of Opium.” The Knickerbocker; or New York Monthly Magazine 7: 421–25.Google Scholar
  21. De Quincey, Thomas. 1851. “Temperance Movement.” In Narrative and Miscellaneous Papers, Vol. 2, 161–190. Boston: Ticknor, Reed, and Fields.Google Scholar
  22. De Quincey, Thomas. 1856. Confessions of an English Opium Eater. London: Macdonald.Google Scholar
  23. De Quincey, Thomas. 2013. Confessions of an English Opium-Eater and Other Writings. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Earle, Henry H. 1895. American Opium-Eater: From Bondage to Freedom. Boston: James H. Earle.Google Scholar
  25. Federn, Paul. 1944. “A Dream Under General Anesthesia. Studies in Ego Cathexis.” Psychiatric Quarterly 18: 422–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gaillard, J. M., and Phelippeau, Marc. 1976. “Benzodiazepine-Induced Modifications of Dream Content: The Effect of Flumitrazepam.” Neuropsychobiology 2: 37–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Goossens, Tine, M. Bulckaert, and Wakeling, Erin. 1972. “Nitrazepam and the Subconscious.” British Medical Journal 2: 488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hayter, Alethea. 1968. Opium and the Romantic Imagination. London: Faber and Faber.Google Scholar
  29. Hughes, John Harrison. 1916. “The Autobiography of a Drug Fiend.” Medical Review of Reviews: 27–43.Google Scholar
  30. Jelliffe, Smith Ely. 1944. “The Morphine Color Dreams; with a Note On The Etiology of the Opium Habit.” Psychoanalytic Review 31: 128–132.Google Scholar
  31. Jennings, Oscar. 1909. The Morphia Habit and Its Voluntary Renunciation: A Personal Relation of Suppression after a Twenty-Five Years’ Addiction. London: Balliere, Tindall, and Cox.Google Scholar
  32. Johnstone, M. 1972. “The Prevention of Ketamine Dreams.” Anaesthetic Intensive Care 1: 70–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kramer, Milton. 1966. “Drugs, Depression, and Dream Sequences.” Ohio State Medical Journal 62: 1277–1280.Google Scholar
  34. Leask, Nigel. 1992. British Romantic Writers and the East: Anxieties of Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Lewis, S. A. 1969. “Overdose of Tricyclic Anti-Depressants and Deductions Concerning Their Cerebral Action.” British Journal of Psychiatry 115(529): 1403–1410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lindop, Grevel. 1993. The Opium-Eater: A life of Thomas De Quincey. London: Weidenfeld.Google Scholar
  37. Lindsay, J. S. B. 1953. “Abreaction and Dreams.” British Journal of Medical Psychology 26: 36–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Looney, Maryanne. 1972. “The Dreams of Heroin Addicts.” Social Work 17: 23–28.Google Scholar
  39. Ludlow, Fitz Hugh. 1856. “The Apocalypse of Hasheesh.” Putnam’s Monthly Magazine of American Literature, Science and Art 8: 625–30.Google Scholar
  40. Ludlow, Fitz Hugh. 1857. The Hasheesh Eater. New York: Harper & Brothers.Google Scholar
  41. Lyon, Judson Stanley. 1969. Thomas De Quincey. New York: Twayne Publishers.Google Scholar
  42. Machen, Arthur. 1907. The Hill of Dreams. Boston, Massachusetts: Dana Estes & Company.Google Scholar
  43. Machen, Arthur. 1922. Far off Things. London: M. Secker.Google Scholar
  44. Mac Martin, Daniel Frederick. 1921. Thirty Years in Hell. Kansas: Capper Printing Company.Google Scholar
  45. Macnish, Robert. 1827. The Anatomy of Drunkenness: An Inaugural Essay. Glasgow: W.R. M‘Phun.Google Scholar
  46. Macnish, Robert. 1830. The Philosophy of Sleep. Glasgow: W. R. M’Phun.Google Scholar
  47. Macnish, Robert. 1836. The Philosophy of Sleep. 3rd ed. Glasgow: W. R. M’Phun.Google Scholar
  48. Mattison, J. B. 1883. “Opium Addiction Among Medical Men.” Medical Record 23: 621–23.Google Scholar
  49. Milligan, Barry. 2005. “Morphine–Addicted Doctors, the English Opium–Eater, and Embattled Medical Authority.” Victorian Literature and Culture 33: 541–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Miranda, Marcelo, Anne-Marie Williams, and Diego Garcia Borreguero. 2010. “Thomas De Quincey and His Restless Legs Symptoms as Depicted in ‘Confessions of an English Opium-Eater.’” Movement Disorders 25: 2006–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Moore, R. A. 1962. “The Manifest Dream in Alcoholism.” Quarterly Journal of the Studies on Alcoholism 23: 583–589.Google Scholar
  52. Morris, Baldwin F. 1878. The Panorama of a Life, and Experience in Associating and Battling with Opium and Alcoholic Stimulants: A Treatise for the Cure of Opium and Alcoholic Inebriety. Philadelphia: Geo. W. Ward.Google Scholar
  53. O’Quinn, Daniel. 2004. “Ravishment Twice Weekly: De Quincey’s Opera Pleasures.” Romanticism on the Net: 34–5.Google Scholar
  54. Patterson, Robert. 1848. “An Account of the History, Nature, and Causes of Apparitions on Spectral Illusions, with Original Cases.” The Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal 17: 170–224.Google Scholar
  55. Ramsey, Glenn V. 1953. “Studies of Dreaming.” Psychological Bulletin 50(6): 432–455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Sandblom, Philip. 1992. Creativity and Disease. New York: Marion Boyars.Google Scholar
  57. Schmitt, Canon. 2002. “Narrating National Addictions: De Quincey, Opium, and Tea.” In High Anxieties: Cultural Studies in Addiction, edited by Janet Farrell Brodie and Marc Redfield, 63–84. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  58. Scott, E. M. 1968. “Dreams of Alcoholics.” Perceptual and Motor Skills 26: 1315–1318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Strang, John. 1990. “Lessons from an English opium eater: Thomas De Quincey Reconsidered.” International Journal of the Addictions 25: 1455–1465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Tart, Charles T., and Crawford, H. J. 1970. “Marijuana Intoxication: Reported Effects on Sleep.” Psychophysiology 7: 348.Google Scholar
  61. Taylor, Bayard. 1854. “The Vision of Hasheesh.” Putnam’s Monthly Magazine of American Literature, Science and Art 3: 402–8.Google Scholar
  62. Whitman, Roy M., C. M. Pierce, J. W. Maas, and Bill J. Baldridge 1961. “Drugs and Dreams II: Imipramine and Prochlorperazine.” Comprehensive Psychiatry 2: 219–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Wilner, Joshua. 1981. “Addiction and Autobiography: The Case of Thomas De Quincey.” Genre 14: 493–503.Google Scholar
  64. Wolin, Steven J., and N. K. Mello. 1973. “The Effects of Alcohol on Dreams and Hallucinations in Alcohol Addicts.” Annuals of the New York Academy of Sciences: 266–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Zieger, Susan. 2007. “Pioneers of Inner Space: Drug Autobiography and Manifest Destiny.” PMLA 122: 1531–547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Zung, William W. K. 1969. “Effect of Antidepressant on Sleeping and Dreaming: III. On the Depressed Patient.” Biological Psychiatry 1: 283–287.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thalia Trigoni
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CyprusCyprusCyprus

Personalised recommendations