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A History of Dreams and the Science of Dreams: Historiographical Questions

  • Jacqueline Carroy
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology book series (PSHST)

Abstract

This text is the introduction of a book entitled Nuits savantes. Une histoire des rêves (1800–1945) [Learned Nights. A History of Dreams (1800–1945)]. First, it proposes a reflection on the epistemology and historiography of dreams. Animals and men dream, but only human beings tell their dreams to other human beings and construct different dream cultures (religious, artistic, scientific etc.). This starting point enables us to propose a cultural, social and intellectual history reading dreams as narratives and highlighting their intertextuality. Scientists tested and illustrated their theories with the help of their own dreams, for during the nineteenth century the practice of scientific self-observation of dreams developed in a new way, giving rise to what I call “dreaming scientists.”

Keywords

History of dream Science of dream Dreaming scientist 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacqueline Carroy
    • 1
  1. 1.EHESS, Centre Alexandre KoyréParisFrance

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