Advertisement

A Brief Overview on the Evolution of Drawing Machines

  • António CoelhoEmail author
  • Pedro Branco
  • João Martinho Moura
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 273)

Abstract

Through the pictorial narratives engraved on the walls of the caves during prehistory, we are sure that Humans used drawing to express feelings and communicate, long before inventing writing. In the same way that utensils were used to help him, he also used several utensils to draw.

In the middle of the twentieth century, with all the technological evolution, we saw machines that helped artists in drawing and others that are extensions of the artist.

In a project seeking the development of a robotic system capable of drawing autonomously we were faced with the question for how long artists have used drawing machines for their aid or even their extension? In this work, we present a collection of artworks that demonstrates the use of drawing machines throughout history in the last 500 years and how they are being adapted and reinvented according to the most current and also developing technology. At present there is a vast field of experimentation of these machines with Interfaces and Sensors and Intelligent Human-Computer Interaction.

Keywords

Drawing machines Art machines Autonomous cybernetic machines 

References

  1. 1.
    Drawing Machines. https://drawingmachines.org/. Accessed 14 July 2018
  2. 2.
    Watz, M.: Drawing Machines 1–12 (2004)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rosenberg, D.: Screendance: Inscribing the Ephemeral Image. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pardey, A.: The Jean Tinguely Museum: caring for machine sculptures. In: Modern Art: Who Cares?: An Interdisciplinary Research Project and An International Symposium on the Conservation of Modern and Contemporary Art (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    O’Hanrahan, E.: The contribution of Desmond Paul Henry (1921–2004) to twentieth-century computer art. Leonardo 51(2), 156–162 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Williams, L.P.: André-Marie Ampère. Scientific American, vol. 260, pp. 90–97. Scientific American, a division of Nature America, Inc. (1989)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shanken, E.A.: Art in the information age: cybernetics, software, telematics, and the conceptual contributions of art and technology to art history and theory. ProQuest Dissertations Theses (2001)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wanner, A.: The robot quartet: a drawing installation. Comput. Commun. Aesthet. X xCoAx2013 (2013)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kac, E.: The origin and development of robotic art. Converg. Int. J. Res. New Media Technol. 7(1), 76–86 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dixon, S.: Digital Performance: A History of New Media in Theater, Dance, Performance Art, and Installation. MIT Press, Cambridge (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dreher, T.: IASLonline NetArt: History of Computer Art III.2 Computer Graphics (2011). http://iasl.uni-muenchen.de/links/GCA-III.2e.html. Accessed 02 July 2018
  12. 12.
    Cohen, J.M., Hughes, J.F., Zeleznik, R.C.: Harold: a world made of drawings. In: NPAR 2000, pp. 83–90 (2000)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Candy, L., Edmonds, E.: Explorations in Art and Technology. Springer, London (2002).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-0197-0CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. M. dos S. P. Associação Portuguesa de Estudos Anglo-Americanos, Op. cit. (Lisboa), vol. 2nd Series, no. 2. APEAA (2013)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Moura, L.: A New Kind of Art: The Robotic Action Painter (2007)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tresset, P., Fol Leymarie, F.: Portrait drawing by Paul the robot. Comput. Graph. 37(5), 348–363 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nadarajan, G.: Islamic Automation: Al-Jazari’s Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices | Muslim Heritage. http://www.muslimheritage.com/article/islamic-automation-al-jazari’s-book-knowledge-ingenious-mechanical-devices. Accessed 03 July 2018
  18. 18.
    Ha, D., Eck, D.: A Neural Representation of Sketch Drawings, April 2017Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Heaven, D.: Machines that think: everything you need to know about the coming age of artificial intelligence (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MinhoGuimarãesPortugal

Personalised recommendations