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Iron-Based Nanomaterials: Effect on Soil Microbes and Soil Health

  • Khaled K. Kasem
  • Manal Mostafa
  • Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

Soil-based ecosystems have a vital role in preserving soil status, ecosystem functions, and crop productivity. Soil microorganisms, soil fertility, and soil health are confronted by new natural stressors that include iron-based nanomaterials. Although these developing pollutants are being released into most ecosystems, including agricultural fields, their potential influences on the soil and its characteristics remain to be explored. To investigate the outcomes of magnetic nanoparticles on soil microbial diversity, the researchers carried out a comprehensive literature search. This chapter defines how to synthesize magnetic nanomaterials and how to discover the possible threats posed by the positive and negative results of iron-based nanomaterials (IO-NMs) on the soil ecosystem. Also discussed are the influences of nano-iron on microbial activities, soil productivity, soil health, and arsenic remediation. IO-NMs are a disturbing overview of the emerging contaminants of terrestrial ecosystems. Their impacts on soil characteristics, besides their effects on microbial populations and abundant key functional associations, are of specific interest for environmental hazard assessment. Our discussion recommends that the toxicity of IO-NMs to functions of the soil must be considered before recommending their use in prospective research in agro-ecosystems.

Keywords

Nanoparticles Humic acid Iron Soil microbes Soil health 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khaled K. Kasem
    • 1
  • Manal Mostafa
    • 2
  • Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of AgricultureHama UniversityHamaSyrian Arab Republic
  2. 2.CIHEAM IAMB – Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of BariValenzanoItaly
  3. 3.Plant Pathology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center (ARC)GizaEgypt

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