Visible-Light-Responsive Nanostructured Materials for Photocatalytic Degradation of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Water

  • Hugues Kamdem Paumo
  • Raghunath Das
  • Madhumita Bhaumik
  • Arjun MaityEmail author
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 35)


Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as polychlorinated biphenyls and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons consist of a group of synthetic compounds that are characterized by their resistance to degradation, important long-range transportation, and harmful effects to the ecosystems and human well-being. Certainly, we cannot think about progress in human civilization without industrialization. However, the rapid evolution in chemical, agrochemical, and petrochemical industries and the population exponential growth in the last century have given rise to an important number of toxic, bioaccumulative, and persistent organic chemicals in the environment. Effective removal of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from wastewater represents one key approach that could limit their potential environmental impacts. Among a variety of techniques reported for the treatment of organic compound-contaminated wastewater, heterogeneous photocatalytic method using visible-light-responsive semiconductors has been articulated as an efficient technology that holds good potential for the removal of POPs. This chapter gives an overview of the latest development in the design and synthesis of unique semiconductors with visible-light-driven catalytic degradation of POPs. Contextual information on the basic principles of heterogeneous photocatalysis, paths of visible-light response, and photocatalytic performance of innovative semiconductor materials are presented.


Persistent organic pollutants Heterogeneous photocatalysis Visible-light response 



Persistent organic pollutants


Bisphenol A


Dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane


Perfluorooctanoic acid




Perfluorooctane sulfonate


Polychlorinated biphenyls


Tumor necrosis factor α


Polychlorinated dibenzofurans


Human hepatoblastoma cell line


Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins


Advanced oxidation processes


Polybrominated biphenyls


Conduction band


Perfluorooctane sulfonate


Valence band


Perfluorooctane sulfonyl fluoride


Titanium tetraisopropoxide


Decabromodiphenyl ether


Graphene oxide


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons




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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hugues Kamdem Paumo
    • 1
  • Raghunath Das
    • 1
  • Madhumita Bhaumik
    • 1
  • Arjun Maity
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Applied ChemistryUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa
  2. 2.DST/CSIR National Centre for Nanostructured MaterialsCouncil for Scientific and Industrial ResearchPretoriaSouth Africa

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