Discussion and Conclusion

  • Susannah B. F. Paletz
  • Brooke E. Auxier
  • Ewa M. Golonka
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Complexity book series (BRIEFSCOMPLEXITY)


This book contributes to the study of the propagation of information on social media by reviewing a broad multidisciplinary literature, leveraging theory and findings from information sciences, psychology, sociology, communication, political science, and more. We created a framework of information sharing on social media that also included findings from a qualitative analysis of 20 fake news stories. Although this work is thorough, it is not entirely exhaustive. Future work can, for example, examine the perception of and inherent truth of messages. The next phase of research would be to create metrics for those factors that currently lack them so as to quantitatively assess how they interact in a more finely defined model. Given that most of these factors have been examined in isolation, field studies are important to determine the relative weights of these factors. It is crucial that research that examines user-generated content be held to the ethical standards of other research. As technology develops and information warfare increases, it becomes necessary to better understand how these factors impact information sharing and the information environment.


Social media Social media users Social media sharing Trolls Bots Propaganda Information sciences Psychology Sociology Communication Propagation Social cyber-security 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susannah B. F. Paletz
    • 1
  • Brooke E. Auxier
    • 2
  • Ewa M. Golonka
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Advanced Study of LanguageUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.Philip Merrill College of JournalismUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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