Classification and Prevalence of Microtia

  • Daniel J. Gould
  • Caitlin L. Pray
  • Youssef Tahiri
  • John F. Reinisch


The anatomy of the external ear is complex. The external ear develops from several branchial arches and can present with multiple developmental anomalies at birth. In this chapter, we discuss the classification and prevalence of microtia.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel J. Gould
    • 1
  • Caitlin L. Pray
    • 2
  • Youssef Tahiri
    • 2
  • John F. Reinisch
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Southern California, Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA

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