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Applications of Nanomaterials and Future Prospects for Nanobionics

  • Manoj Kumar Enamala
  • Bhulakshmi Kolapalli
  • P. Divya Sruthi
  • Silpi Sarkar
  • Chandrasekhar Kuppam
  • Murthy Chavali
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

Nanotechnology is an interesting field in which molecules that are not visible to our eyes are creating wonders. They exist in various fields of engineering and science such as electronics, agriculture, food, pharmaceuticals, and medical diagnostics, and many researchers are eyeing provision of better technology with these nanotechnological inventions. Nanomaterials show great promise, owing to their unique physicochemical properties, in the field of agriculture. Plants interact with these nanoparticles, resulting in various morphological, physiological, and genotoxic changes. Understanding of their interactions is very important for real gains in the potential use of nanotechnology in agriculture. Nanoparticles have been described as “magic bullets.” Nanoparticles can play a vital role in the growth of plants and help in the process of photosynthesis. They also influence the key processes that take place in the growth of plants, such as seed germination, root initiation, and the photosynthetic process. Plant nanobionics is a current topic in which engineered nanomaterials are combined with plant organelles to enhance the function of plants. This chapter discusses various applications of plant nanobionics in detail.

Keywords

Nanomaterials Vaccines Photosynthesis Drug delivery systems Microbial fuel cells 

Abbreviations

0D

Zero-dimensional

1D

One-dimensional

2D

Two-dimensional

3D

Three-dimensional

Ag

Silver

ATP

Adenosine triphosphate

Au

Gold

BES

Bioelectrochemical system

C60

Fullerene

CNT

Carbon nanotube

CRISPR

Clustered regulatory interspaced short palindromic repeat

ENM

Engineering nanomaterial

ENP

Engineered nanoparticle

light energy

LDH

Layered double hydroxide

LEEP

Lipid exchange envelope penetration

MFC

Microbial fuel cell

PAMAM

Polyamide amine dendrimer

PD

Protein drug

PEI

Polyethyleneimine

PEM

Proton exchange membrane

QD

Quantum dot

VLP

Virus-like particle

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manoj Kumar Enamala
    • 1
  • Bhulakshmi Kolapalli
    • 2
  • P. Divya Sruthi
    • 3
  • Silpi Sarkar
    • 4
  • Chandrasekhar Kuppam
    • 5
  • Murthy Chavali
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Bioserve Biotechnologies (India) Private LimitedHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Prathista Industries LimitedSecunderabadIndia
  3. 3.ITC Spices (ITC Agri Business Division)GunturIndia
  4. 4.Department of BiotechnologyVignan UniversityGunturIndia
  5. 5.Green Processing, Bioremediation and Alternative Energies (GPBAE) Research Group, Faculty of Environment and Labour SafetyTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  6. 6.Shree Velagapudi Ramakrishna Memorial College (PG Studies-Autonomous), Acharya Nagarjuna UniversityGunturIndia
  7. 7.MCETRCGunturIndia

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