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Green Engineering of Silver Nanoparticles to Combat Plant and Foodborne Pathogens: Potential Economic Impact and Food Quality

  • Maluta Steven Mufamadi
  • Rofhiwa Bridget Mulaudzi
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

Bacteria, fungi, and viruses cause plant and foodborne diseases that pose immense threat to the agricultural food production, food quality, and economic growth for developing countries, particularly for regions such as sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where most of the countries depend significantly on agricultural production for food and income. Nanotechnology is a modern technology that promises to overcome barriers associated with the current traditional approach for biological control against plant and foodborne pathogens. However, the nonbiological method for the synthesis of nanoparticles using chemical agents showed to have a negative effect on the environment and humans and is expensive. Biosynthesis employing plant materials promises to offer inexpensive, rapid, and eco-friendly method and is a single-step procedure for the production of safe metallic nanoparticles. This chapter focuses on the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) employing plant materials and their antimicrobial activity against agriculture (phytopathogens) and foodborne pathogens. This chapter also addresses the potential benefits that nanomaterials have in plant protection, food quality, and the potential economic impact in SSA countries.

Keywords

Green synthesis Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) Foodborne diseases Food quality 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maluta Steven Mufamadi
    • 1
  • Rofhiwa Bridget Mulaudzi
    • 2
  1. 1.NABIO Consulting (Pty) Ltd Pretoria, 0183South Africa
  2. 2.Agricultural Research Council (ARC),Vegetable and Ornamental Plants Africa Private Bag X293Pretoria, 0001South Africa

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