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Epidemiology pp 183-188 | Cite as

Confounding

  • Klaus Krickeberg
  • Pham Van Trong
  • Pham Thi My Hanh
Chapter
Part of the Statistics for Biology and Health book series (SBH)

Abstract

Up to now we have been studying the influence of a single factor on the distribution of a disease or of other health-related characteristics. This allowed us to concentrate on the essential ideas. Most diseases are “multi-factorial”, though; many factors exert their influence together. In this book we shall not deal with general methods that have been developed in order to analyze their joint influence; some tools will be mentioned in Chap.  28. The present chapter is devoted to a different problem, namely that of a factor which “confounds” the action of another one. It is of utmost importance.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Krickeberg
    • 1
  • Pham Van Trong
    • 2
  • Pham Thi My Hanh
    • 2
  1. 1.Grosser Kamp 4BielefeldGermany
  2. 2.Faculty of Public HealthThai Binh Medical UniversityThai BinhVietnam

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