Wage Inequality

  • Vani Kant BorooahEmail author


In this chapter, Borooah considers wage inequality in India at a point in time (2011–12) with particular reference to inequality in wages between male and female workers and between workers from different social groups—the Scheduled Tribes, the Scheduled Cates, the non-Muslim Other Backward Classes, Muslims, and the Forward Castes. The thrust of the analysis in this chapter is to decompose the difference in wages between men and women, and between the Forward Castes and the other social groups, into a part that can be “explained” by employer bias and that which is due to differences in employee attributes. The analysis of this chapter extends earlier analyses of wage inequality in India to include social groups; methodologically, it seeks an explanation for inter-group inequality in terms of employer bias and (differences in) employee attributes. The analysis in this chapter uses data from two independent sources to analyse the phenomenon of inter-group wage inequality: the 68th round of the National Sample Survey pertaining to the period July 2011–June 2012 and the Indian Human Development Survey pertaining to 2011.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Economics & PoliticsUniversity of UlsterBelfastUK

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