Advertisement

Leadership and Technology: Concepts and Questions

  • Ana Marisa MachadoEmail author
  • Catarina Brandão
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 931)

Abstract

In recent decades there has been a transformation based on economic, social, cultural and political integration between countries, guided and fueled by the increasingly frenetic scientific and technical progress. Globalization triggers a new social and work paradigm in which it is possible to communicate and interact at any time, from anywhere, face-to-face or virtually, making the organizational configurations Volatile, Uncertain, Complex and Ambiguous. That is, VUCA. In this context, leadership processes are increasingly mediated by technology, giving space to the concepts of e-leadership, e-leader and virtual team, whose conception gravitates around technology as a facilitator of communication, interaction, development and task sharing. This reality will become even more prevalent in the future. Hence, developing research that explores the dynamics underlying the interdependent relationship between these elements is fundamental. This paper explores the literature regarding the role of technology in leadership. It seeks to contribute to the theoretical clarity regarding this topic and identify relevant questions to the discussion of what is and will be, one of the biggest debates of the 21st century. E-leadership is the process by which a leader guides and motivates followers through technology. This requires leaders to be communication-oriented, supportive, promote confidence building and to be capable of creating a stable environment. Gaps in literature show that there is a lot more to know about this topic, and that it is urgent to address it so organizations stay competitive.

Keywords

VUCA world Leadership Technology Virtual teams Virtual leadership E-leadership 

References

  1. 1.
    Bennett, N., Lemoine, J.: What a difference a word makes: understanding threats to performance in a VUCA world. Bus. Horiz. 57(3), 311–317 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hartog, D., Koopman, P.: Leadership in organizations. In: Anderson, N., Ones, D., Sinangil, H., Viswesvaran, C. (eds.) Handbook of Industrial, Work and Organizational Psychology. Organizational Psychology, vol. 2, pp. 166–187. SAGE Publications, London (2001)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Avolio, J., Sosik, J., Kahai, S., Baker, B.: E-leadership: re-examining transformations in leadership source and transmission. Leadersh. Q. 25(1), 105–131 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chamakiotis, P., Panteli, N.: E-leadership styles for global virtual teams. In: Leadership in the Digital Enterprise: Issues and Challenges, pp. 143–162. IGI Global, Hershey (2011)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yukl, G.: Leadership in organizations, 7th edn. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs (2010)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vielmetter, G., Sell, Y.: Leadership 2030: The Six Megatrends You Need to Understand to Lead Your Company into the Future. Hay Group Holdings, Inc., Filadélfia (2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Avolio, J., Kahai, S., Dodge, E.: E-leadership: implications for theory, research, and practice. Leadersh. Q. 11(4), 615–668 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lilian, C.: Virtual teams: opportunities and challenges for e-leaders. Procedia Soc. Behav. Sci. 110, 1251–1261 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Haythornthwaite, C.: Social networks and internet connectivity effects. Inf. Community Soc. 8(2), 125–147 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yukl, G., Mahsud, R.: Why flexible and adaptive leadership is essential. Consult. Psychol. J. Pract. Res. 62(2), 81–93 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wilson, J.: Leadership in the digital age. In: Encyclopedia of Leadership, vol. 4, pp. 858–861. SAGE Publications, London (2004)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Powell, A., Piccoli, G., Ives, B.: Virtual teams: a review of current literature and directions for future research. ACM SIGMIS Database 35(1), 6–36 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Roman, A., Van Wart, M., Wang, X., Liu, C., Kim, S., McCarthy, A.: Defining e‐leadership as competence in ICT‐mediated communications: an exploratory assessment. Public Adm. Rev., 1–14 (2018)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Liu, C., Ready, D., Roman, A., Van Wart, M., Wang, X., McCarthy, A., Kim, S.: E-leadership: an empirical study of organizational leaders’ virtual communication adoption. Leadersh. Organ. Dev. J. 39(7), 826–843 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Darics, E.: E-leadership or “How to be boss in instant messaging?”: The role of nonverbal communication. Int. J. Bus. Commun., 1–27 (2017)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Maduka, N., Edwards, H., Greenwood, D., Osborne, A., Babatunde, S.: Analysis of competencies for effective virtual team leadership in building successful organisations. Benchmarking 25(2), 696–712 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Purvanova, R., Bono, J.: Transformational leadership in context: face-to-face and virtual teams. Leadersh. Q. 20(3), 343–357 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hoch, E., Kozlowski, W.: Leading virtual teams: hierarchical leadership, structural supports, and shared team leadership. J. Appl. Psychol. 99(3), 390–403 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Liao, C.: Leadership in virtual teams: a multilevel perspective. Hum. Resour. Manag. Rev. 27(4), 648–659 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Avolio, J., Kahai, S., Dumdum, R., Sivasubramaniam, N.: Virtual teams: implications for e-leadership and team development. In: Applied in Psychology. How People Evaluate Others in Organizations, pp. 337–358. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers, Mahwah (2001)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Brandão, C.: The good parent metaphor: contributions to understand leadership processes. In: Ilieva, S., Markovic, M.R., Yankulova, Y. (eds.) Book of Papers of the International Scientific Conference “Leadership and Organization Development”, Kitten, Bulgaria, pp. 24–28 (2016)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kahn, W.A.: Caring for the Caregivers: patterns of organizational caregiving. Adm. Sci. Q. 38(4), 539–563 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Avolio, J., Kahai, S.: Adding the “e” to e-leadership: how it may impact your leadership. Organ. Dyn. 31, 325–338 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wart, M., Roman, A., Wang, X., Liu, C.: Integrating ICT adoption issues into (e-)leadership theory. Telemat. Inform. 34, 527–537 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Savolainen, T.: Trust-building in e-Leadership: a case study of leaders’ challenges and skills in technology-mediated interaction. J. Glob. Bus. Issues 8(2), 45–56 (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da EducaçãoUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal

Personalised recommendations