Theoretical Ideals for European Constitutional Structures and Criminal Legislation

  • Merita Kettunen
Part of the Comparative, European and International Criminal Justice book series (CEICJ, volume 2)


Some principles and doctrines of the ECHR regime, the subsidiarity principle, the doctrine of margin of appreciation (and proportionality analysis) and the doctrine on equivalent protection, represent heterarchical flexible constitutional structures. Heterarchical constitutional structures between the national legal systems and the ECHR regime refer to constitutional structures that create an integrated and flexible constitutional system between the contracting parties and the ECHR regime.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland and G. Giappichelli Editore 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Merita Kettunen
    • 1
  1. 1.HelsinkiFinland

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