The Kingly-Bureaucratic State: The Integration of Larger Political Areas
The office of war chief became “Kingship” when the high priests empowered it with godliness. The Kings conquered large territories, and the Kings were worshiped as divine – descended from the gods and embodying the gods. The kings ruled with the help of the high priests and hundreds of state officials. This divine Kingship was so effective in integrating and stabilizing multicultural territories that it became institutionalized in the great civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, and China (also in the Mayan, Inca, and Aztec civilizations). Where the divine Kingship became deeply institutionalized and long lived, democracy, not only disappeared, but became inconceivable.