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Nutrigenomic Immunity

  • Amene Saghazadeh
  • Maryam Mahmoudi
  • Nima RezaeiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The present chapter would first provide evidences from single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) studies which have established the interaction between polymorphisms within the genes related to immune and inflammatory responses (CRP, IL-1, TNFα, IL-6, LTA4, and SCD-1) and diet composition (vitamin D status, botanical formulation, fat intake, and fatty acid supplementation). SNP studies also show that the content of inflammatory markers (IL-6, CRP, and α2-microglobulin) would be influenced by the interaction between polymorphisms within metabolic pathways (GCKR, Fok-1, and FADS 1/2) and diet composition (fat intake, nutritional counseling, and vitamin D therapy). It is followed by a synthesis of results from human and animal studies that demonstrate differential expression of genes related to immune response and inflammatory processes in response to single (acute) or repeated daily (chronic) consumption of different dietary interventions (vegetables, fruits, and other plant-derived products, fish oils and meals, plant oils and meals, micronutrients, ethnic dietary patterns, calorie restriction, oral challenge tests, different protein sources, and nutritional stress). Altogether, such immune-related gene-diet interactions might affect anthropometric parameters, metabolic profile, and cardiovascular measurements and thereby alter individual susceptibility to metabolic (obesity, diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases), autoimmune (Crohn’s disease), and cardiovascular disorders (atherosclerosis).

Keywords

Cytokine Diet Gene expression Immunity Inflammation Micronutrients Nutrigenomics Nutrition Single nucleotide polymorphism 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amene Saghazadeh
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Maryam Mahmoudi
    • 4
    • 5
  • Nima Rezaei
    • 1
    • 6
    • 7
    Email author
  1. 1.Research Center for Immunodeficiencies, Children’s Medical CenterTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.MetaCognition Interest Group (MCIG), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN)TehranIran
  3. 3.Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Expert Group (SRMEG), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN)TehranIran
  4. 4.Department of Cellular and Molecular Nutrition, School of Nutrition and DieteticsTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  5. 5.Dietitians and Nutrition Experts Team (DiNET), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN)TehranIran
  6. 6.Department of Immunology, School of MedicineTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  7. 7.Network of Immunity in Infection, Malignancy and Autoimmunity (NIIMA), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN)TehranIran

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