The Formation and Structure of the Komalay Shoreshgeri Zahmatkeshani Kurdistani Iran (The Revolutionary Association of the Toilers of Iranian Kurdistan)

  • Abbas Vali
Part of the Minorities in West Asia and North Africa book series (MWANA)


This chapter is concerned with an analysis of the formation and structure of the Komalay Shoreshgeri Zahmatkeshani Kurdistani Iran (KSZKI; the Revolutionary Organization of Toilers of Iranian Kurdistan). Although officially announced shortly after the triumph of the 1979 revolution, the KSZKI soon became a prominent political force with an active presence in the political and ideological fields in the process of the transformation of power and the subsequent resurgence of the nationalist movement in Rojhelat. The analysis here focuses mainly on the ambiguous identity of the KSZKI: its ideological and political vacillation between ethnic-Kurdish and Marxist class identities, which constituted the focal point of a series of political and ideological conflicts, struggles and splits in the organisation. The political and ideological conflicts and struggles leading to the transformation of the KSZKI from a Maoist-populist organisation to an orthodox Marxist-Leninist party with a strict class identity in 1983, it is argued, signified the persistence of this perennial ambiguity. The metamorphosis of the KSZKI into the Communist Party of Iran, it is further argued, did in no way resolve this ambiguity, as was shown by the subsequent controversies, conflicts and splits over the status of the ethnic-Kurdish identity in the ideological representation and political programme of the organisation in exile in Iraqi Kurdistan.

Selected Bibliography

Kurdish Sources (Books and Articles)

  1. Ayubzadeh, A. Chep le Rojhelati Kurdistan: Komala u Dozi Nasionali Kurd, n. p. Of publication 2002.Google Scholar

English Sources (Books and Articles)

  1. Schirazi, A. The Constitution of Iran: Politics and the State in the Islamic Republic, London 1998.Google Scholar
  2. Vali, A. Kurds and the State in Iran: the Making of Kurdish Identity, London 2011.Google Scholar

Publications of Political Parties and Organisations

  1. Shorish: Organi Komalay Shoreshgeri Zahmatkeshani Kurdistani Eran, nos. 1, 2. January 1979.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abbas Vali
    • 1
  1. 1.LondonUK

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