The Revival of the Nationalist Movement

  • Abbas Vali
Part of the Minorities in West Asia and North Africa book series (MWANA)


This chapter focuses on various attempts to revive the nationalist movement within and outside Rojhelat. The foci of the investigation are the small communities of exiles in the Soviet Union, primarily in Azerbaijan and to a lesser extent in Moscow and in Iraqi Kurdistan. The exile groups were highly heterogeneous, politically and ideologically, and their attempts to create unified and coherent political organisations with effective leadership fell victim to internal discord and rivalry, making it impossible to establish active links with the potential centres of opposition to the state and mobilise their support to revive the nationalist movement. This task was accomplished by the younger generation of Kurdish nationalists who had their schooling in the civil and military organisations of the Republic. The early clandestine activities to revive the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI) took place against the background of a growing political crisis precipitated by the nationalisation of Iranian petroleum industry which considerably weakened the centralising functions and security processes and practices of the state in Kurdistan. The KDPI, though still weak and disorganised, contained the early representations of the ethnic nationalists and the Marxist-nationalists, the two competing political and ideological groupings vying for supremacy in the decades to come.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abbas Vali
    • 1
  1. 1.LondonUK

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