Fabrication of Dental Restorations Using Digital Technologies: Techniques and Materials

  • Omar Alageel
  • Berge Wazirian
  • Balqees Almufleh
  • Faleh TamimiEmail author


Digital technology such as computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) is rapidly expanding and transforming dentistry at an unprecedented pace. CAD/CAM technology in dentistry can be classified as either “subtractive” or “additive” manufacturing methods. Subtractive manufacturing method includes machining and milling (CAM) and laser ablation technologies, while additive manufacturing method includes 3D printing and laser melting technologies. Different materials (polymers, metals, and ceramics) and equipment are commercially available for various dental applications such as custom trays, surgical guides, temporary or definite fixed or removable dental prostheses, and orthodontic or maxillofacial appliances. This chapter reviews the main systems including production processes, dental applications, available materials and equipment, and advantages and limitations of the technology.


CAD/CAM Laser ablation 3D printing Laser melting Stereolithography Digital light projection Polyjet/multijet Inkjet printing Fused deposition modeling Selective electron beam melting 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Omar Alageel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Berge Wazirian
    • 1
  • Balqees Almufleh
    • 1
    • 3
  • Faleh Tamimi
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of DentistryMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.College of Applied Medical SciencesKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Prosthetic Dental Sciences, College of DentistryKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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