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A Hybrid 0D–1D Model for Cerebral Circulation and Cerebral Arteries

  • Nixon Chau
  • Harvey HoEmail author
Conference paper

Abstract

In this paper we present a hybrid 0D–1D model for the cerebral circulation and blood flow in large cerebral arteries. The 0D model contains the electrical analog circuit running from the aorta to the circle of Willis (CoW), and the venous network from the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) to the superior vena cava (SVC). To simulate the cerebral autoregulation, the vascular bed between the arterial and venous networks is implemented using an inductor/resistor couple. An artificial pulsatile pressure waveform includes the normal (∼100 mmHg), hypotensive (∼50 mmHg) and hypertensive (∼150 mmHg) phases. A 1D model is used to numerically solve the 1D Navier–Stokes equations coupled with an empirical arterial wall equation. The 1D model is then applied to the internal carotid, middle and anterior cerebral arteries (ICA, MCA and ACA) in the CoW, with the simulation results from the 0D model as boundary conditions. With this hybrid 0D–1D approach, we show that: (a) the cerebral flow may regain a normal flow rate value (∼600 mL/min) within several cardiac cycles; (b) an incomplete CoW can substantially affect the flow distribution in CoW; and (c) the flow rates in the MCA, ACA and PCA alter in response to the cerebral regulation. In conclusion a hybrid 0D–1D model for the cerebral blood flow is proposed, which can potentially be used for the cerebral flow modelling of different age groups or under different vascular diseases.

Keywords

Cerebral circulation Model Electrical analog Brain 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This project was partially supported by a seed grant (project number UOAX1702) from the Science for Technological Innovation programme of National Science Challenge of New Zealand.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Auckland Bioengineering InstituteThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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