Advertisement

Power Quality in the “Shore to Ship” System – The Improvement of the Unbalanced Voltage Factor

  • Dariusz TarnapowiczEmail author
  • Sergey German-Galkin
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 934)

Abstract

The emission of air pollution in ports originating from land sources (factories, cars, trains) has been drastically reduced in the last twenty years by implementing strict emission standards. The pollution generated by ships at berth in ports is currently unacceptable. One of the effective ways to reduce the negative impact of ships at berth in ports on the environment is to use “Ship to Shore” (STS) which stands for a supply of electricity to the ships from the local power stations. It makes it possible to disable and be independent from autonomic ships’ diesel generator sets in port.

The problem of improving the quality of power supply requires an interdisciplinary preparation within the field of electrical engineering and continuous updating of knowledge. The quality of electricity supplied in the STS system is related to the safety of use of marine systems and economic functioning of the ship. The requirements related to the power quality are determined by the appropriate rules of ship classification societies. In order to determine the quality of electricity, the quality parameters are used. One of the parameters that is important for power quality assessment is the voltage unbalance. This paper presents a method aimed to improve the voltage unbalance factor within the STS system with the use of power electronic active filters.

Keywords

Air pollution from ships in port Shore to Ship system Voltage unbalance factor Transformation of the coordinate system Shunt Active Filter 

References

  1. 1.
    Tarnapowicz, D., Borkowski, T.: Shore to Ship – Alternative Power Supply of Ships in Port. Wydawnictwo Naukowe Akademi Morskiej (2014). ISBN-978-83-64434-03-7Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Matuszak, Z., Nicewicz, G.: Analysis of marine electric power plants loads. In: Modern Methods of Construction Design. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, pp. 273–280 (2014)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nicewicz, G., Tarnapowicz, D.: Autonomous photovoltaic electricity generating system for ships mooring at ports as an environmentally friendly solution. In: GeoConference on Energy and Clean Technologies. International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM, SGEM 2014, vol. 1, pp. 41–48 (2014)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tarnapowicz, D.: Synchronization of national grid network with the electricity ships network in the “shore to ship” system. Manag. Syst. Prod. Eng. 3(11), 9–13 (2013). ISSN 2299-0461Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    EU (2006/339/EC) Commission Recommendation of 8 May 2006 On the promotion of shore-side electricity for use by ships at berth in Community ports (Text with EEA relevance)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC/ISO/IEEE 80005-1 pt.: International Standard Utility connections in port – part 1: High Voltage Shore Connection (HVSC) Systems – General requirements, Edition 1.0, July 2012Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    IEC 61000-4-30: Testing and measurement techniques – power quality measurement methods. CEI/IEC (2003)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Urbański, K.: Pomiary i rejestracja asymetrii napięcia w obwodach trójfazowych. Pomiary Automatyka Kontrola 6, 100–102 (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Akagi, H.: New trends in active filters. In: Conference on Proceedings of EPE 1995, Sevilla, pp. 0.017–0.026 (1995)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Park, R.H.: Two reaction theory of synchronous machines generalized method of analysis-part I. AIEE Trans. 48, 716–727 (1929)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kim, H., Blaabjerg, F., Back-Jensen, B.: Instantaneous power compensation in three – phase systems using p-q-r theory. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 17(5), 701–710 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Maritime University of SzczecinSzczecinPoland

Personalised recommendations