Speech Perception and Comprehension
In this chapter we explain how the recognition of sound features works on the acoustic-auditory level and how recognition of sound features leads to the activation of symbolic-cognitive variables such as sounds, syllables, and words. We describe how the speech information signal is compressed from a detailed acoustic-auditory representation to an efficient symbolic-cognitive representation. We also discuss why we perceive complex auditory stimuli like speech signals categorically, and why humans can easily extract invariant phonemic features from speaker-specific acoustic sound features. In addition, we introduce two theories of language perception, namely the motor theory of speech perception and the two-way theory of speech perception. Finally, we discuss the close interweaving of speech perception and speech production, and perception-related language and speech disorders.
KeywordsComprehension Motor theory Dual-route theory Speech perception Auditory processing
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