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System of Interaction Between Global Education and the National System of Education: A Social Tension Zone

  • Svetlana A. Sharonova
  • Natalia S. Erokhova
  • María Angélica Oliva
  • Márcia Lopes ReisEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Intercultural Studies in Education book series (ISE)

Abstract

The globalization of education has been ongoing for centuries. Conventionally, there are several steps to this process. The first step of globalization was the division of education into academic subjects—something that happened in all countries. The second step was the formation of some uniform structure in terms of educational institutions. The third step was the unification of national education systems in form, method, and content. At first, the steps of a national education system retain their cultural characteristics—consistent with their historical evolution. Such characteristic features mirror the economy and politics of a country. The final step has an aggressive effect on national education systems, leveling and erasing specific and unique features. This study focuses on three case studies: two in Latin American (Brazil and Chile) and one in Eurasian Russia. These different locations allow a glimpse of identities and differences. In this study we examine the term “local” from the standpoint of national higher education systems.

Keywords

Globalization National self-preservation Higher education system Education market 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Svetlana A. Sharonova
    • 1
  • Natalia S. Erokhova
    • 1
  • María Angélica Oliva
    • 2
  • Márcia Lopes Reis
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.People’s Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)MoscowRussia
  2. 2.Centro de Estudios AvanzadosUniversidad de Playa Ancha (UPLA)ValparaísoChile
  3. 3.Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho” (UNESP)São PauloBrazil

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