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Effects of Reaction Temperature on the Yield and Morphology of Silver Nanowires Prepared by Solvothermal Method

  • Guangnian XuEmail author
  • Jiguang Zhu
  • Guolian Ruan
  • Xujia Ci
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 929)

Abstract

One-dimensional silver nanowires with uniform diameters and different aspect ratios were solvothermally synthesized by reducing silver nitrate with ethylene glycol(EG) in the presence of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) and ferric chloride (FeCl3) at different temperatures for a certain time. The effects of reaction temperature on the yield and morphology of silver nanowires were carried out to discuss by a series of experiments, then the products were purified and characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometer and field emission scanning electron microscopy, respectively. The experimental results indicated that although silver nanowires were formed from 145 ℃ to 170 ℃, the silver nanowires had the highest yield and the most uniform aspect ratio when the reaction temperature was 155 ℃ for 2.5 h in polytetrafluoroethylene autoclave.

Keywords

Silver nanowires Solvothermal method Preparation Characterization 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by key project of nature science research in Anhui Provincial Colleges and Universities (KJ2015A286), National College Students’ innovation and entrepreneurship training program project (201710376001).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guangnian Xu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jiguang Zhu
    • 1
  • Guolian Ruan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xujia Ci
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.The Promotion Center for Preparation and Application Technology of Nano-Functional Composite MaterialsLu’anChina
  2. 2.Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Biomimetic Sensor and Detecting TechnologyWest Anhui UniversityLu’anChina

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