Playing The Pipes of PAN: Pagans Against Nukes and the Linking of Wiccan-Derived Paganism with Ecofeminism in Britain, 1980–1990
The last chapters in Ronald Hutton’s The Triumph of the Moon surveyed several key developments in British Wicca and Wiccan-derived Paganism that materialised during the 1970s–1990s. The present chapter expands on Hutton’s pioneering work by centring on the history of Pagans Against Nukes (PAN)—an important group that existed throughout the 1980s yet did not feature in Hutton’s treatment of the British Pagan scene of the period. Founded by a Wiccan initiate in 1980 to protest the planned deployment of American nuclear cruise missiles on British soil, the PAN network became instrumental in linking strands of American-influenced feminist/Dianic Witchcraft and Goddess Spirituality with British Wicca and Wiccan-derived Paganism by way of demonstrations, social and ritual activities, and specifically through its mouthpiece, The Pipes of PAN. In late 1990, following the collapse of the Soviet Union and other communist regimes in Eastern Europe, the network and magazine folded as well.