Stone Disease Research
Nutritional therapy is an integral component in the prevention and treatment of kidney stones. This chapter summarizes recent research conducted from 2012 to 2017 on the dietary factors associated with the risk of kidney stones and the factors used to prevent recurrent stone formation in adults. PubMed/Scopus was searched that identified 971 articles; 23 articles (18 original research and 5 reviews and consensus statements) qualified for this paper. Dietary measures identified were fluid, dietary and supplemental calcium, vitamin D and vitamin C, sodium, oxalate, zinc, caffeine, protein, energy, fiber, fruit and vegetable intakes, and acid load. This review has shown that key dietary factors that appear to have the greatest influence on the formation and management of kidney stones are intake of fluids and overall diet composition.
KeywordsNephrolithiasis and diet Kidney stone and nutrition Renal stones and nutrition therapy Renal calculi and diet
The authors would like to thank Sarah Jewell from Rutgers University Libraries for her expert assistance in locating the relevant research literature for this book chapter.