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Nephrolithiasis Nutrition Therapy in the Pediatric Population

  • Kyle J. LamprechtEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

An increasing number of children and adolescents are being seen with renal calculi both in inpatient and outpatient settings in the United States and worldwide. While congenital factors are still the main reason behind nephrolithiasis in pediatrics, modifiable risk factors are becoming more prevalent in children and adolescents with kidney stones. The increasing rate of kidney stone occurrences in pediatrics may be associated with several nutritional risk factors including inadequate fluid intake, excessive sodium intake, excessive animal protein intake, inadequate fruit and vegetable intake, and inadequate calcium intake. Lithogenic or stone-inhibitory disorders in addition to nutritional risk factors often create the “perfect” environment for kidney stone formation. Medical nutrition therapy provided by a registered dietitian is not only inexpensive but beneficial in addressing several nutritional, modifiable risk factors and preventing kidney stone development overall. Early treatment of metabolic abnormalities and collaboration with a registered dietitian is crucial in reducing risk for nephrolithiasis occurrence in children and adolescents as well as ensuring adequate growth and development.

Keywords

Nutrition Pediatrics Nephrolithiasis Kidney Children Stone Urolithiasis Renal 

Abbreviations

AI

Adequate Intake

BSA

Body surface area

DRI

Dietary Reference Intake

RD

Registered Dietitian

RDA

Recommended Daily Allowance

UL

Tolerable Upper Intake Level

ND

Not Determined

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pediatric Renal DietitianJackson HeightsUSA

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