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Kidney Stone: Diet, Myth, and Realty

  • Lisa Vosatka
  • Haewook HanEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

Kidney stones are caused by a disruption in balance between solubility and precipitation of salts within the urinary tract. The incidence of kidney stones is increasing in the United States, and treatments for them are very costly. There are many dietary recommendations available, but some are not evidence based which can lead to misunderstanding of the dietary treatment or prevention of kidney stones. This chapter will highlight common mistakes of dietary prevention of kidney stones and current recommendations from American Urology Association guidelines. General guidelines include intake of adequate amount of calcium, plenty of fluid intake, moderate amount of animal protein, appropriate fruits and vegetables, and vitamin/mineral supplements.

Keywords

Nephrolithiasis Calcium oxalate Uric acid stone Hypercalciuria Hyperoxaluria High-purine foods High oxalate foods Vitamin and mineral supplement 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Palm Garden HealthcareClearwaterUSA
  2. 2.Department of NephrologyHarvard Vanguard Medical AssociatesBostonUSA

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